Welcome to SEARCA Knowledge Center on Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture and Natural Resource Management in Southeast Asia (KC3)

Indonesia

Published on 28 October 2015
The fires in Indonesia are truly out of control, having spiked in recent weeks to their highest levels in years. More than 300,000 Indonesians have sought medical help for respiratory illnesses linked to the choking haze. Pollution levels are up to five times above what the World Health Organization considers to be hazardous levels. Schools and airports have been closed. The Indonesian government has…
Published on 26 October 2015
By mid-October, there were more than 100,000 fires raging in the Indonesian provinces of Sumatra and Kalimantan that had released an estimated 995 million metric tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere over the past four months. This is just short of 1 gigaton. When these fires are eventually extinguished they will certainly have released much more than a gigaton of carbon dioxide. The…
Published on 19 October 2015
Greenhouse gas emissions from peat fires in Borneo and Sumatra are currently exceeding emissions from the entire U.S. economy, putting Indonesia on track to be one of the world’s largest carbon polluters this year, according to data published a researcher at the University of Amsterdam. By Guido van der Werf’s calculations — posted on the Global Fire Emissions Database (GFED) website — carbon emissions…
Published on 19 October 2015
Happening just weeks before a major global climate conference, the fires underscore Indonesia's immense challenge in curbing emissions from agriculture and put into question its ability to meet its climate targets. Indonesia has just released a detailed climate action plan for the United Nations conference in Paris from Nov 30 to Dec 11. The UN hopes nations will agree on a global deal to…
Published on 28 September 2015
"Indonesia is committed to reducing emissions by 29 percent compared to a business as usual scenario by 2030," the government said in a plan submitted to the United Nations on Thursday that builds on a Sept. 2 draft. It gave few details of the current rate of growth of emissions in Southeast Asia's largest economy but said business as usual would lead to emissions…
Published on 21 September 2015
The activists said the draft document on Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) lacked information on how the government hoped to achieve its new emissions-reduction target of 29 per cent, with no clear reference to funding sources, targets, baseline references or means of implementation. The draft is open for review on the Environment and Forestry Ministry website for public input. The review closes on Sept…
Published on 14 September 2015
El Niño has changed the weather pattern in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, caused by warmer temperatures in the Pacific Ocean. The Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) revealed that El Niño would strengthen and reach its peak in September and October 2015. However, this weather phenomenon is manageable. In the Agriculture Ministry’s Strategic Plan 2015-2019, climate change is among five agriculture development challenges. The…
Published on 14 September 2015
These days, as national leaders struggle with economic downturn, migrants, the Islamic State (IS) movement, geopolitical tensions and other pressing issues, many find it hard to focus on climate change, let alone make national commitments to reduce emissions. There is a danger that collective action will give way to collective malaise, and the very short window of opportunity to control climate change will slip…
Published on 7 September 2015
The increased commitment by one of the world's largest greenhouse gas emitters will be officially submitted to the United Nations later this month ahead of a major climate change summit in December. "We have reached the decision to reduce [emissions] by 29 percent by 2030," environment and forestry minister Siti Nurbaya Bakar told reporters. The pledge goes beyond Indonesia's 2009 agreement to slash emissions…
Published on 7 September 2015
“We intend to increase the contribution and we will do so,” Rachmat Witoelar, President Joko Widodo’s special envoy for climate change, told Reuters. “But we have to figure out the timeline.” Indonesia is among the world’s biggest greenhouse gas emitters because of deforestation, peatland degradation and forest fires. Southeast Asia’s largest economy is under international pressure to curb deforestation and the destruction of carbon-rich…
Published on 25 August 2015
In hard-hitting remarks in Brussels, EU Climate and Energy Commissioner Miguel Arias Canete warned that the window of opportunity for 195 countries to agree a deal aimed at limiting the rise in global temperatures "is closing fast" and called for speeding up technical negotiations. So far he said 56 countries representing 61 percent of global green-house gas emissions have handed in their reduction pledges…
Published on 18 August 2015
For President Tong and his people, every high tide now carries the potential for flooding. They know first hand that climate change is not just an environmental crisis — it’s also a human rights disaster. Yet as their neighbor, Indonesia is the biggest exporter of thermal coal (rivaled only by Australia). How can we continue to rely so much on coal at a…
Published on 18 August 2015
Asyani claimed she took the wood from her own land years ago, but because she lacked the requisite documentation, she faced potential jail time and a fine close to US$40,000, despite making only about a dollar a day. Asyani makes a living as a masseuse for babies in her village. Since she doesn’t make enough, her neighbors help her out by giving her food…
Published on 31 July 2015
“Indonesian policymakers should see protecting and sustainably managing mangroves as a potential solution for climate change mitigation,” says Daniel Murdiyarso, the study’s lead author and a principal scientist at the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR). “But to make progress, it is crucial that mangroves are protected and managed sustainably.” Large areas of Indonesia’s mangroves have been cleared in recent decades, but there’s perhaps…
Published on 31 July 2015
This, according to Achim Steiner, the Executive Director of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), who wrote the foreword of the report, The Future of the Bornean Orangutan: Impacts of Change in Land Cover and Climate, released today. And the report’s lead author Dr. Serge Wich declared: “The current policies for land conversion on Borneo are simply unsustainable” not just for orangutans but for the…
Published on 29 July 2015
The mangroves, which store prodigious quantities of carbon, are currently disappearing fast − often destroyed to make room for aquaculture to satisfy the wants of lucrative foreign markets. But a team from the Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and colleagues report in the journal Nature Climate Change that protecting the mangroves could take Indonesia a quarter of the way to achieving the whole…
Published on 10 July 2015
Launched in Jakarta by H.E. Dr. Siti Nurbaya Bakar, Minister of Environment and Forestry, Republic of Indonesia - the study provides a valuation of the multiple benefits provided by forests in Indonesia. Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary-General and Executive Director of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), said, "In addition to their ecological, cultural and spiritual value, forests play a critical role in sustaining national economies…
Published on 26 June 2015
While the amount is small, the move is not an insignificant one. The ICCTF, one of the few national trust funds of its kind, pools and manages funds from different sources to finance Indonesian climate change programs and policies. While the ICCTF could serve as a model for other developing countries looking to secure international support for their climate change programs, its actual progress…
Published on 26 June 2015
“Indonesia has a key role in future discussions, as a country that is geographically unique with a number of islands, climate regimes, and ocean conditions,” Stocker said on Tuesday. The comments come as anticipation grows ahead of the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference, which will be held in Paris this November. Nations that signed the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change…
Published on 23 June 2015
“El Niño may get stronger as the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere climbs,” Cobb said. Scientific data shows that the level of CO² concentration in our atmosphere has been soaring for the past 10 years to an unprecedented 400 parts per million. As in previous years, this year we are on the verge of experiencing El Niño. The US National Oceanic and…
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