Welcome to SEARCA Knowledge Center on Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture and Natural Resource Management in Southeast Asia (KC3)

Climate Change Indicators in Southeast Asia

KC3 presents the latest available data on climate change indicators in Southeast Asian countries drawn from The World Bank Data Catalogue. This page provides information for researchers, development workers, policymakers, and other users who want to gather relevant climate data in each Southeast Asian country.

Browse by Climate Change Indicator

Data as of 2 December 2019 via World Bank
Climate change indicator table

Browse by Southeast Asian Country

Data as of 2 December 2019 via World Bank
  • Brunei Darussalam

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2017 100
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2007 0.877
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 2.732
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 144.000
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2018 1.018
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 1997 1.082
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 1994 0.092
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 0.949
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 2,722
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 2,554.200
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2014 0.664
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.291
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.275
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2014 9,108.828
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2014 22.229
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 74.396
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2014 6,776.616
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 18.559
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 1,690.487
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 0
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 0
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 2.563
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 2.750
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 66
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 10,291.164
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 98.952
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 1
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0.048
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 2,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 8,673.089
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP), 2014 113.450
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2018 3.770
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 72.106
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 3,800
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 427
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.381
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 0.201
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 25.701
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 4,539.367
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2018 11.600
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -40.055
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 342.372
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -96.022
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 2,807.609
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2018 1.052
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 1.609
    Population, total, 2018 428,962
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2009 9.600
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 107.979
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 0.048
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 0.015
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.120
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 6.886
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0.536
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2018 1.016
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 8.990
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 46.872
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -19.262
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 14,828.967
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.262
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 15.065
    Urban population, 2018 332,999
    Urban population (% of total population), 2018 77.629
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2018 1.461
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 1.073
  • Cambodia

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2017 89.070
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 30.903
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 54,550
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2018 22.013
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2007 1.811
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2006 2.184
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 21.527
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 1,904
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 3,568.800
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2014 0.450
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.140
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.133
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2014 6,684.941
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2014 0.438
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 0
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2014 0
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 75.809
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 5,067.794
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 13.769
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 920.417
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 1.050
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2018 2.600
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 6.644
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 144
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 271.367
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 48.397
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 45.486
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 5.185
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0.932
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 41,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 416.838
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP), 2014 133.450
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2018 12.627
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 52.853
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 93,295.996
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 1994 -17.908
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.695
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 0.186
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 137.600
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 35,914.914
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2018 28
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 329.135
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 16,685.368
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 70,138.522
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2018 1.490
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2018 12.014
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 7.187
    Population, total, 2018 16,249,798
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2014 23.900
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 87.999
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 46.418
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 64.924
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.632
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 4,671.188
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 6.536
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 20.649
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 26.028
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 552.598
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 127,399.587
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.063
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 111.944
    Urban population, 2018 3,800,503
    Urban population (% of total population), 2018 23.388
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2018 3.250
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0.651
  • Indonesia

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2017 98.140
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 31.464
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 570,000
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2018 12.808
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2002 5.612
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2000 113.300
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 12.972
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 2,702
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 5,166.300
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2014 0.493
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.182
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.172
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2014 464,176.194
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2014 1.819
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 13.458
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2014 62,467.345
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 50.305
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 233,503.559
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 26.362
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 122,367.790
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 2.058
    Community health workers (per 1,000 people), 2015 0
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 3.250
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.161
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 73
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 811.907
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 55.776
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 5.873
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 25.170
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 8.398
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 4.779
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 11,181,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 883.918
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP), 2014 88.364
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2018 1.920
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 49.860
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 903,256.016
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 1994 164.118
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.779
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 3.057
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 5.571
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 223,315.740
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2018 25
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -7.375
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 93,138.923
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -99.632
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 21,192.355
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 135
    Population growth (annual %), 2018 1.134
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2018 13.383
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 7.367
    Population, total, 2018 267,663,435
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2017 5.700
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2013 19.900
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 102.335
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 10.651
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 36.879
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.556
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 48,064.531
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 3.612
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2018 0.993
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 1,106
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 5.268
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 12.166
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -33.006
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 780,550.764
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.223
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 4,193.398
    Urban population, 2018 148,084,795
    Urban population (% of total population), 2018 55.325
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2018 2.345
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 3.755
  • Lao PDR

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2017 93.600
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2014 11.524
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 10.264
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 23,690
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2018 15.703
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2007 1.835
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2005 3.493
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 6.607
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 1,834
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 4,497.700
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2014 0.202
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.055
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.052
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2014 1,954.511
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2014 0.294
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 0
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2014 0
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 22.889
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 447.374
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 15.760
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 308.028
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2018 3.100
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 2.250
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 2.693
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 154
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2018 7.278
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 82.108
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 189,505.801
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 1990 -104.304
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 84.406
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 15,011.340
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2018 47.300
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 101.702
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 8,986.910
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 691.893
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 134,457.849
    Population growth (annual %), 2018 1.548
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0
    Population, total, 2018 7,061,507
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2012 22.700
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2011 26.500
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 97.890
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 86.370
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 59.316
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 0
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2018 0.948
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 16.682
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 16.682
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 436.762
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 161,718.737
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 0
    Urban population, 2018 2,471,810
    Urban population (% of total population), 2018 35.004
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2018 3.382
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0
  • Malaysia

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2017 100
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2015 5.158
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 26.258
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 86,270
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2018 7.736
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2007 1.931
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2005 11.200
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 2.685
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 2,875
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 4,250.800
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2014 0.773
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.332
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.314
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2014 242,821.406
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2014 8.130
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 32.316
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2014 78,470.133
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 36.911
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 89,628.814
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 23.850
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 57,912.931
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 2.707
    Community health workers (per 1,000 people), 2010 0.435
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 3.750
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.097
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 12
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 4,651.959
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 42.281
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 9.275
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 46.603
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 1.158
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0.682
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 1,024,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 3,003.456
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP), 2014 122.653
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2018 2.419
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 67.598
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 222,091.992
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 2000 -220.194
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 48
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 1.328
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 1.545
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 45.092
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 34,270.674
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2018 7.800
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 9.499
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 15,310.246
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -96.346
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 14,128.157
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 357
    Population growth (annual %), 2018 1.353
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2018 23.991
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 5.098
    Population, total, 2018 31,528,585
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2015 0
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2016 13.700
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2017 99.492
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 9.957
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 5.194
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 1.029
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 3,380.071
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 1.958
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2017 1.035
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 790
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 8.986
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 19.119
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 40.542
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 279,098.377
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.299
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 980.785
    Urban population, 2018 23,973,075
    Urban population (% of total population), 2018 76.036
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2018 2.130
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 3.141
  • Myanmar

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2017 69.815
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2007 24.758
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 19.538
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 127,600
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2018 24.556
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2002 3.313
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2000 33.230
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 16.702
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 2,091
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 3,613.700
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2014 0.329
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.087
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.083
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2014 21,631.633
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2014 0.414
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 22.343
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2014 4,833.106
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 67.944
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 14,697.336
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 6.611
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 1,430.130
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 1.120
    Community health workers (per 1,000 people), 2012 0.195
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2018 2.800
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.092
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 165
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 215.299
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 1.785
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 58.854
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 39.017
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 0.344
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 0
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 369.332
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP), 2014 77.960
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2018 1.813
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 43.631
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 284,945.996
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 3.609
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 2.327
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -3.996
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 80,636.508
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2018 46.200
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -39.567
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 26,782.709
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -45.306
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 412,032.935
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2018 0.608
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2018 12.161
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 10.973
    Population, total, 2018 53,708,395
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2015 6.200
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2016 18.900
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2017 96.049
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 58.854
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 61.528
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 3.540
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 23,538.320
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 8.051
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2017 1.005
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 4.619
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 6.371
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -39.640
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 528,416.218
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.069
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 459.753
    Urban population, 2018 16,423,490
    Urban population (% of total population), 2018 30.579
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2018 1.452
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 2.921
  • Philippines

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2017 93
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2011 9.266
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 41.721
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 124,400
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2018 9.284
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2012 17.027
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2009 81.560
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 18.748
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 2,348
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 3,692.300
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2014 0.421
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.160
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.152
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2014 105,653.604
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2014 1.051
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 6.712
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2014 7,091.978
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 42.427
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 44,825.408
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 40.476
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 42,764.554
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 2.216
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.806
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 95
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 696.347
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 44.515
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 10.514
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 22.907
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 7.142
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 14.899
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 12,279,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 474.298
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP), 2014 72.313
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2018 2.962
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 27.769
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 82,800
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 1994 -0.127
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.632
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 1.159
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 37.600
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 57,169.776
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2018 28.400
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 29.139
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 12,762.022
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -15.416
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 10,484.549
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2018 1.396
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2018 14.278
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 5.651
    Population, total, 2018 106,651,922
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2015 6.100
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2015 21.500
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2017 108.678
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 25.413
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 27.452
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.377
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 6,979.688
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 3.283
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2017 1.018
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 459
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 3.141
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 15.317
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 73.625
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 167,297.550
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.254
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 746.357
    Urban population, 2018 50,027,217
    Urban population (% of total population), 2018 46.907
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2018 1.877
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 2.368
  • Singapore

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2017 100
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 0.931
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 6.600
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2018 0.025
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 1977 31.667
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 0.790
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 2,497
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2014 0.194
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.126
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.119
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2014 56,372.791
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2014 10.306
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 37.728
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2014 21,268.600
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 59.312
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 33,435.706
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 2.966
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 1,672.152
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 2.012
    Community health workers (per 1,000 people), 2016 0.503
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 2
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 8,844.688
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 1.196
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 95.029
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 0.698
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 1.821
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 918,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 5,121.804
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP), 2014 62.487
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2018 22.529
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 23.061
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 163.500
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 2,207
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 8.162
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 0.013
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 143.259
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 2,385.800
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2018 2.800
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 111.240
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 1,908.561
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 413.383
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 6,773.445
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 703
    Population growth (annual %), 2018 0.470
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2018 100
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 10.332
    Population, total, 2018 5,638,676
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2017 99.258
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 1.821
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 0.709
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 3.707
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 24.809
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 4.667
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2017 0.995
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 386
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 2.463
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 5.555
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 55,910.281
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 4.454
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 29.806
    Urban population, 2018 5,638,676
    Urban population (% of total population), 2018 100
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2018 0.470
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 5.665
  • Thailand

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2017 100
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 43.277
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 221,100
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2018 8.117
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2007 25.528
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2007 57.310
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 32.903
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 1,622
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 3,239.700
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2014 0.827
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.311
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.294
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2014 316,212.744
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2014 4.620
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 27.406
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2014 86,662.211
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 47.813
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 151,190.410
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 19.264
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 60,916.204
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 2.347
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 3.750
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 3.751
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 21
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 2,538.796
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 19.454
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 2.666
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 71.437
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 0.570
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 5.873
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 10,439,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 1,969.002
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP), 2014 132.571
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2018 2.623
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 32.158
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 164,290
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 2000 -7.891
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.905
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 1.881
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 25.318
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 106,499.220
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2018 9.100
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 67.520
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 30,832.947
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 227.555
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 45,142.327
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2018 0.315
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2018 20.055
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 10.342
    Population, total, 2018 69,428,524
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2017 0
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2016 6.700
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2017 93.369
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 8.538
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 22.863
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.069
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 10,566.013
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 4.051
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2017 0.978
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 1,388
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 12.510
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 18.809
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 111.672
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 440,411.679
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.837
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 4,273.621
    Urban population, 2018 34,678,853
    Urban population (% of total population), 2018 49.949
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2018 1.826
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 6.291
  • Timor-Leste

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2017 80.381
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 25.555
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 3,800
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2017 10.434
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2007 14.267
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2004 1.172
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 10.424
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 1,500
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 2,508.500
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2014 0.152
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.062
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.058
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2014 469.376
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2014 0.400
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 0
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2014 0
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 100
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 469.376
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 0
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 0
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2007 3.006
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2018 2.500
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.025
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 181
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2007 58.858
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP), 2007 6.323
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2018 1.857
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 45.380
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 6,748.000
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.676
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 1.374
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 115.017
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 732.072
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2018 45.800
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 102.206
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 225.541
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -500
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 -556.403
    Population growth (annual %), 2018 1.968
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0.935
    Population, total, 2018 1,267,972
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2014 30.700
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2013 37.700
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 103.846
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 0
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 18.224
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.656
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 97.918
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0.811
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2018 1.013
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 4.423
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 13.057
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 111.768
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 959.347
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.020
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 3.050
    Urban population, 2018 387,720
    Urban population (% of total population), 2018 30.578
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2018 3.172
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0.124
  • Vietnam

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2017 100
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 39.275
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 121,780
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2018 14.573
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2007 22.777
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2005 81.860
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 22.569
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 1,821
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 5,434.400
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2014 1.152
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2011 PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.343
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2014 0.324
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2014 166,910.839
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2014 1.820
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 11.752
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2014 19,614.783
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 27.888
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 46,548.898
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2014 42.283
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2014 70,575.082
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2013 2.457
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2015 3.500
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 1.599
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 70
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 1,423.688
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 29.571
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 36.614
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 33.210
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 0.486
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0.118
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 181,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2013 660.334
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2011 PPP), 2013 130.355
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2018 6.328
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 48.060
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 149,020
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 2000 15.105
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 15.406
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 0.561
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 87.790
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 113,563.740
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2018 20.700
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 197.005
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 34,494.258
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 348.011
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 -2,037.546
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2018 0.993
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2018 16.910
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 36.972
    Population, total, 2018 95,540,395
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2016 2
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2015 14.100
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 110.021
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 36.732
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 34.999
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 14.608
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 47,580.918
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 29.642
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 2.930
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 7.577
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 213.631
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 310,664.069
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.798
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 2,598.800
    Urban population, 2018 34,317,154
    Urban population (% of total population), 2018 35.919
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2018 2.978
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 7.330