Welcome to SEARCA Knowledge Center on Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture and Natural Resource Management in Southeast Asia (KC3)

Climate Change Indicators in Southeast Asia

KC3 presents the latest available data on climate change indicators in Southeast Asian countries drawn from The World Bank Data Catalogue. This page provides information for researchers, development workers, policymakers, and other users who want to gather relevant climate data in each Southeast Asian country.

Browse by Climate Change Indicator

Data as of 30 January 2023 via World Bank
Climate change indicator table

Browse by Southeast Asian Country

Data as of 30 January 2023 via World Bank
  • Brunei Darussalam

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2020 100
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2020 2.543
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2020 134
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2021 1.256
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2019 1.082
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2019 0.092
    Arable land (% of land area), 2020 0.759
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2019 2,722
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2020 2,943.700
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2015 US$ of GDP), 2019 0.526
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.260
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.249
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2019 6,990.000
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2019 15.957
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 83.351
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 5,342.819
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 28.146
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 1,804.164
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 0
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 1.961
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 2.750
    Ease of doing business rank (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 66
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 10,121.059
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 98.952
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 1
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0.048
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 2,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 8,529.730
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 135.111
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2021 1.462
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 72.106
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 3,800
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 427
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 5.502
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2021 0.201
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 25.701
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 1,590.000
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2020 11.500
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -40.055
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2019 150
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -96.022
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 -902.126
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2021 0.822
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 20.871
    Population, total, 2021 445,373
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2020 104.958
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 0.048
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2019 0.010
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 4.912
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 283.464
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 6.933
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2020 1.019
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2021 8.989
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2021 46.872
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -19.262
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 9,300.000
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 0.590
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 34.033
    Urban population, 2021 349,858
    Urban population (% of total population), 2021 78.554
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2021 1.210
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 13.938
  • Cambodia

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2020 86.400
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2020 32.795
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2020 57,890
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2021 22.848
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2019 1.811
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2019 2.184
    Arable land (% of land area), 2020 21.958
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2019 1,904
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2020 3,851.200
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2015 US$ of GDP), 2019 0.681
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.224
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.215
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2019 16,180.000
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2019 0.998
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 65.006
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 6,435.585
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 27.114
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 2,684.244
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 1.041
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2021 2.800
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 6.644
    Ease of doing business rank (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 144
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 272.503
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 48.397
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 45.486
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 5.185
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0.932
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 41,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 418.584
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 123.901
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2021 12.920
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 45.708
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 80,683.700
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 1994 -17.908
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 1.735
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2021 1.442
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 137.600
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 18,200.001
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2020 25.700
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 329.135
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2019 4,720
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 3,983.042
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2021 1.165
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2021 12.922
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 2.005
    Population, total, 2021 16,589,023
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2014 24.100
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2021 90.685
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 46.418
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2019 53.360
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 1.717
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 3,055.825
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 1.317
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2021 1.038
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2021 31.768
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2021 39.739
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 552.598
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 40,060.001
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 0.019
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 33.076
    Urban population, 2021 4,092,180
    Urban population (% of total population), 2021 24.668
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2021 2.948
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 0.688
  • Indonesia

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2020 96.950
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2020 33.182
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2020 623,000
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2021 13.281
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2019 11.029
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2019 222.635
    Arable land (% of land area), 2020 14.008
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2019 2,702
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2020 5,279.600
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2015 US$ of GDP), 2019 0.591
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.194
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.186
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2019 619,840.027
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2019 2.299
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 18.437
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 91,260.629
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 42.790
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 211,802.253
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 43.204
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 213,852.106
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 2.173
    Community health workers (per 1,000 people), 2015 0
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 3.250
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.161
    Ease of doing business rank (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 73
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2019 1,084
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 55.776
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 5.873
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 25.170
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 8.398
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 4.779
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 11,181,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 880.121
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 90.185
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2021 1.785
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 49.072
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 921,332
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 1994 164.118
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 7.710
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2021 3.058
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 5.571
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 280,950.012
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2020 23
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -7.375
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2019 98,090
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -99.632
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 -32,215.648
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 135
    Population growth (annual %), 2021 0.695
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2021 13.891
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 8.818
    Population, total, 2021 273,753,191
    Poverty headcount ratio at [plugins/custom/cc-indicators/browse-sea-countries.php][3].15 a day (2017 PPP) (% of population), 2021 3.500
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2018 17.700
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 102.335
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2019 16.247
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2019 19.090
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 7.444
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 140,582.420
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 2.444
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2018 0.993
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 1,106
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2021 5.268
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2021 12.166
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -33.006
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 1,002,369.995
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 0.266
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 5,029.162
    Urban population, 2021 156,833,203
    Urban population (% of total population), 2021 57.290
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2021 1.834
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 6.374
  • Lao PDR

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2020 100
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2020 21.734
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2020 8.791
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2020 20,290
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2021 16.068
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2019 3.860
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2019 7.350
    Arable land (% of land area), 2020 5.303
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2019 1,834
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2020 4,737
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2015 US$ of GDP), 2019 1.012
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.331
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.317
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2019 18,709.999
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2019 2.594
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 19.003
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 2,918.932
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 90.147
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 13,846.592
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2021 2.800
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 2.250
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 2.693
    Ease of doing business rank (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 154
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2021 5.693
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 71.904
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 165,955
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 1990 -104.304
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 0
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 84.406
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 7,560.000
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2020 44.100
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 101.702
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2019 2,860
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 691.893
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 10,918.724
    Population growth (annual %), 2021 1.433
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 0
    Population, total, 2021 7,425,057
    Poverty headcount ratio at [plugins/custom/cc-indicators/browse-sea-countries.php][4].15 a day (2017 PPP) (% of population), 2018 7.100
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2017 21.100
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2021 88.197
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 86.370
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2019 48.430
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 0
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 0
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 0
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2021 0.963
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2021 18.688
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2021 18.688
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 436.762
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 29,280.001
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 0
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 0
    Urban population, 2021 2,742,742
    Urban population (% of total population), 2021 36.939
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2021 3.206
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 0
  • Malaysia

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2020 100
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2020 5.157
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2020 26.087
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2020 85,710
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2021 9.588
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2019 1.156
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2019 6.707
    Arable land (% of land area), 2020 2.514
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2019 2,875
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2020 3,649.900
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2015 US$ of GDP), 2019 0.695
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.279
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.268
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2019 253,270.004
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2019 7.721
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 32.184
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 73,585.689
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 38.378
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 87,747.643
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 31.393
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 71,777.858
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 2.583
    Community health workers (per 1,000 people), 2010 0.435
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 3.750
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.097
    Ease of doing business rank (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 12
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 4,539.499
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 42.281
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 9.275
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 46.603
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 1.158
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0.682
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 1,024,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 2,930.848
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 125.635
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2021 4.986
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 58.177
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 191,140.400
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 2000 -220.194
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 48
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 6.890
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2021 5.556
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 45.092
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 36,810.001
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2020 8.600
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 9.499
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2019 13,020
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -96.346
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 -29,431.548
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 357
    Population growth (annual %), 2021 1.120
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2021 24.456
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 10.126
    Population, total, 2021 33,573,874
    Poverty headcount ratio at [plugins/custom/cc-indicators/browse-sea-countries.php][5].15 a day (2017 PPP) (% of population), 2015 0
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2019 14.100
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2020 104.640
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 9.957
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2019 5.110
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 6.365
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 20,980.597
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 3.607
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2020 1.040
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 790
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2021 8.846
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2021 13.327
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 40.542
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 313,019.989
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 0.525
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 1,730.754
    Urban population, 2021 26,085,557
    Urban population (% of total population), 2021 77.696
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2021 1.812
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 6.519
  • Myanmar

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2020 70.397
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2020 13.177
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2020 19.930
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2020 130,080
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2021 23.439
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2019 3.314
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2019 33.231
    Arable land (% of land area), 2020 16.881
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2019 2,091
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2020 3,645.900
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2015 US$ of GDP), 2019 0.439
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.143
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.138
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2019 36,720.001
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2019 0.692
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 36.938
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 8,085.735
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 66.254
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 14,502.985
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 5.528
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 1,210.110
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 0.882
    Community health workers (per 1,000 people), 2012 0.195
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2021 2
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.092
    Ease of doing business rank (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 165
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 220.393
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 1.785
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 58.854
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 39.017
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 0.344
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 0
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 378.071
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 103.338
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2021 3.175
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 43.734
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 285,438.900
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 4.515
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2021 0.478
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -3.996
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 73,050.003
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2020 43.700
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -39.567
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2019 23,480
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -45.306
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 5,188.224
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2021 0.699
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2021 12.809
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 6.812
    Population, total, 2021 53,798,084
    Poverty headcount ratio at [plugins/custom/cc-indicators/browse-sea-countries.php][6].15 a day (2017 PPP) (% of population), 2017 2
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2018 19.100
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 95.400
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 58.854
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2019 57.850
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 4.460
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 29,735.432
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 3.461
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2018 1.011
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2021 3.937
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2021 6.580
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -39.640
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 133,250
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 0.055
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 365.948
    Urban population, 2021 16,918,421
    Urban population (% of total population), 2021 31.448
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2021 1.680
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 3.351
  • Philippines

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2020 96.842
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2011 9.266
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2020 42.509
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2020 126,750
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2021 10.068
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2019 17.926
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2019 85.867
    Arable land (% of land area), 2020 18.748
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2019 2,348
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2020 3,769.400
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2015 US$ of GDP), 2019 0.367
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.151
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.145
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2019 145,419.998
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2019 1.317
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 6.115
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 7,638.361
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 44.980
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 56,189.441
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 36.817
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 45,991.514
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 2.190
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.806
    Ease of doing business rank (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 95
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 690.766
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 44.515
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 10.514
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 22.907
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 7.142
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 14.899
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 12,279,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 470.497
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 68.013
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2021 2.669
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 24.109
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 71,885.900
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 1994 -0.127
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 4.649
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2021 1.744
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 37.600
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 64,730.003
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2020 26.400
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 29.139
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2019 14,070
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -15.416
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 4,267.338
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2021 1.495
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2021 14.072
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 10.524
    Population, total, 2021 113,880,328
    Poverty headcount ratio at [plugins/custom/cc-indicators/browse-sea-countries.php][7].15 a day (2017 PPP) (% of population), 2018 3
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2019 19
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2021 94.824
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 25.413
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2019 26.730
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 4.136
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 12,170.141
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 4.589
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2021 1.026
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 459
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2021 3.722
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2021 15.869
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 73.625
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 234,279.999
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 0.514
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 1,511.452
    Urban population, 2021 54,302,696
    Urban population (% of total population), 2021 47.684
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2021 2.075
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 5.936
  • Singapore

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2020 100
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2020 0.919
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2020 6.600
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2021 0.034
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2019 82.167
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2019 0.493
    Arable land (% of land area), 2020 0.780
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2019 2,497
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2015 US$ of GDP), 2019 0.135
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.085
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.081
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2019 47,380.001
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2019 8.307
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 43.001
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 19,849.471
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 34.342
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 15,852.441
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 3.972
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 1,833.500
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 1.587
    Community health workers (per 1,000 people), 2016 0.503
    Ease of doing business rank (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 2
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 8,844.688
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 1.196
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 95.029
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 0.698
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 1.821
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 918,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 5,121.804
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 58.457
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2021 26.573
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 21.685
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 155.700
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 2,207
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 9.757
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2021 0.013
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 143.259
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 4,250
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2020 2.200
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 111.240
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2019 9,940
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 413.383
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 2,728.241
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 703
    Population growth (annual %), 2021 -4.170
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2021 100
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 0.663
    Population, total, 2021 5,453,566
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2020 101.401
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 1.821
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2019 0.840
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 6.596
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 43.815
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 0.007
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2020 0.996
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 386
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2021 2.464
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2021 5.555
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 67,230.003
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 3.161
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 20.995
    Urban population, 2021 5,453,566
    Urban population (% of total population), 2021 100
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2021 -4.170
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 0.657
  • Thailand

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2020 100
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2020 45.039
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2020 230,100
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2021 8.532
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2019 25.525
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2019 57.307
    Arable land (% of land area), 2020 32.903
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2019 1,622
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2020 3,015.700
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2015 US$ of GDP), 2019 0.580
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.208
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.200
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2019 267,089.996
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2019 3.746
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 32.452
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 84,608.691
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 46.060
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 120,086.916
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 22.687
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 59,148.710
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 1.919
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 3.750
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 3.751
    Ease of doing business rank (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 21
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 2,483.557
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 19.454
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 2.666
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 71.437
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 0.570
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 5.873
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 10,439,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 1,926.160
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 124.195
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2021 2.403
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 38.899
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 198,730
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 2000 -7.891
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 4.239
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2021 4.443
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 25.318
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 70,190.002
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2020 8.700
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 67.520
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2019 21,580
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 227.555
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 28,219.842
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2021 0.175
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2021 20.456
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 17.471
    Population, total, 2021 71,601,103
    Poverty headcount ratio at [plugins/custom/cc-indicators/browse-sea-countries.php][9].15 a day (2017 PPP) (% of population), 2020 0
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2019 7.700
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2021 94.783
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 8.538
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2019 23.960
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 3.456
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 17,671.417
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 2.820
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2021 1.013
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 1,388
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2021 13.299
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2021 18.548
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 111.672
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 422,089.996
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 0.784
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 4,007.044
    Urban population, 2021 37,349,283
    Urban population (% of total population), 2021 52.163
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2021 1.591
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 14.651
  • Timor-Leste

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2020 96.123
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2020 22.959
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2020 3,414
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2021 8.638
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2019 14.267
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2019 1.172
    Arable land (% of land area), 2020 7.498
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2019 1,500
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2020 2,870
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2015 US$ of GDP), 2019 0.316
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.130
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.124
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2019 620.000
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2019 0.484
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 71.746
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 495.045
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 0
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2007 3.279
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2021 2.600
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.025
    Ease of doing business rank (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 181
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2007 59.841
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2007 25.847
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2021 2.356
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 61.944
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 9,211
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 1.559
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2021 1.372
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 115.017
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 5,010.000
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2020 42.300
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 102.206
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2019 260
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -500
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 204.313
    Population growth (annual %), 2021 1.598
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 2.966
    Population, total, 2021 1,320,942
    Poverty headcount ratio at [plugins/custom/cc-indicators/browse-sea-countries.php][10].15 a day (2017 PPP) (% of population), 2014 8
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2020 31.900
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2020 101.290
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 0
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2019 11.670
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 1.516
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 227.122
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 1.904
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2020 1.032
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2021 5.188
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2021 15.998
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 111.768
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 5,910.000
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 0.043
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 6.492
    Urban population, 2021 418,673
    Urban population (% of total population), 2021 31.695
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2021 2.789
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 1.062
  • Vietnam

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2020 100
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2020 39.435
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2020 123,600
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2021 12.560
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2019 22.776
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2019 81.862
    Arable land (% of land area), 2020 21.654
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2019 1,821
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2020 5,796.600
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2015 US$ of GDP), 2019 1.068
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.343
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2019 0.329
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2019 336,489.990
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2019 3.513
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 9.106
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 20,384.853
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 23.478
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 52,559.111
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 36.265
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 81,187.380
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2013 2.564
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2015 3.500
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 1.599
    Ease of doing business rank (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 70
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 1,431.164
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 29.571
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 36.614
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 33.210
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 0.486
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0.118
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 181,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2013 663.887
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2013 91.473
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2021 4.277
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 46.719
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 146,430.900
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 2000 15.105
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 15.944
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2021 0.561
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 87.790
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 80,480.003
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2020 20.900
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 197.005
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2019 25,360
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 348.011
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 22,687.861
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2021 0.844
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2021 18.379
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 29.670
    Population, total, 2021 97,468,029
    Poverty headcount ratio at [plugins/custom/cc-indicators/browse-sea-countries.php][11].15 a day (2017 PPP) (% of population), 2018 1.200
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2020 11.500
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 110.021
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 36.732
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2019 18.650
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 12.254
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 39,976.245
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 7.165
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2021 2.930
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2021 7.577
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 213.631
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2019 450,149.994
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2015 3.690
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2015 12,038.388
    Urban population, 2021 37,088,534
    Urban population (% of total population), 2021 38.052
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2021 2.733
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2015 22.505