Welcome to SEARCA Knowledge Center on Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture and Natural Resource Management in Southeast Asia (KC3)

Climate Change Indicators in Southeast Asia

KC3 presents the latest available data on climate change indicators in Southeast Asian countries drawn from The World Bank Data Catalogue. This page provides information for researchers, development workers, policymakers, and other users who want to gather relevant climate data in each Southeast Asian country.

Browse by Climate Change Indicator

Data as of 21 September 2020 via World Bank
Climate change indicator table

Browse by Southeast Asian Country

Data as of 21 September 2020 via World Bank
  • Brunei Darussalam

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2018 100
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2007 0.877
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 2.732
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 144.000
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2019 0.986
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 1997 1.082
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 1994 0.092
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 0.949
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 2,722
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 2,554.200
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2016 0.576
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.300
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.324
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2016 7,664.030
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2016 18.256
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 69.713
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 5,342.819
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 23.541
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 1,804.164
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 0
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 2.548
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 2.750
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 66
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 10,291.164
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 98.952
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 1
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0.048
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 2,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 8,673.089
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 135.111
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2019 2.771
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 72.106
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 3,800
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 427
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.381
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 0.201
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 25.701
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 4,539.367
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 11.400
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -40.055
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 342.372
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -96.022
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 2,807.609
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2019 1.003
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 1.609
    Population, total, 2019 433,285
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2009 9.600
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 107.979
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 0.048
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 0.015
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.120
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 6.886
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0.536
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2018 1.016
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 8.990
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 46.872
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -19.262
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 14,828.967
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.262
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 15.065
    Urban population, 2019 337,711
    Urban population (% of total population), 2019 77.942
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2019 1.405
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 1.073
  • Cambodia

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2018 91.551
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 30.903
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 54,550
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2019 20.712
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2007 1.811
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2006 2.184
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 21.527
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 1,904
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 3,568.800
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2016 0.583
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.168
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.171
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2016 9,919.235
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2016 0.629
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 64.880
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 6,435.585
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 27.061
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 2,684.244
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 1.050
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2019 2.600
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 6.644
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 144
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 271.367
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 48.397
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 45.486
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 5.185
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0.932
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 41,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 416.838
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 123.901
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2019 13.681
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 52.853
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 93,295.996
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 1994 -17.908
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.695
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 0.186
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 137.600
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 35,914.914
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 26.600
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 329.135
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 16,685.368
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 70,138.522
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2019 1.446
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2019 12.216
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 7.187
    Population, total, 2019 16,486,542
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2014 24.100
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 87.999
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 46.418
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 64.924
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.632
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 4,671.188
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 6.536
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 20.649
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 26.028
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 552.598
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 127,399.587
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.063
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 111.944
    Urban population, 2019 3,924,621
    Urban population (% of total population), 2019 23.805
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2019 3.214
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0.651
  • Indonesia

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2018 98.510
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 31.464
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 570,000
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2019 12.717
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2002 5.612
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2000 113.300
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 12.972
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 2,702
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 5,166.300
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2016 0.543
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.205
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.205
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2016 563,324.540
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2016 2.154
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 16.200
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 91,260.629
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 37.599
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 211,802.253
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 37.963
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 213,852.106
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 1.640
    Community health workers (per 1,000 people), 2015 0
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 3.250
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.161
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 73
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 811.907
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 55.776
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 5.873
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 25.170
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 8.398
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 4.779
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 11,181,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 883.918
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 90.185
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2019 2.196
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 49.860
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 903,256.016
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 1994 164.118
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.779
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 3.057
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 5.571
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 223,315.740
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 23.900
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -7.375
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 93,138.923
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -99.632
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 21,192.355
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 135
    Population growth (annual %), 2019 1.101
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2019 13.499
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 7.367
    Population, total, 2019 270,625,568
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2018 4.600
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2018 17.700
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 102.335
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 10.651
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 36.879
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.556
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 48,064.531
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 3.612
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2018 0.993
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 1,106
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 5.268
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 12.166
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -33.006
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 780,550.764
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.223
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 4,193.398
    Urban population, 2019 151,509,724
    Urban population (% of total population), 2019 55.985
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2019 2.286
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 3.755
  • Lao PDR

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2018 97.920
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2014 11.524
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 10.264
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 23,690
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2019 15.288
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2007 1.835
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2005 3.493
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 6.607
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 1,834
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 4,497.700
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2016 1.600
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.376
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.379
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2016 17,762.948
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2016 2.595
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 16.433
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 2,918.932
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 77.952
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 13,846.592
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2019 2.800
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 2.250
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 2.693
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 154
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2018 7.350
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 82.108
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 189,505.801
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 1990 -104.304
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 84.406
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 15,011.340
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 45.500
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 101.702
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 8,986.910
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 691.893
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 134,457.849
    Population growth (annual %), 2019 1.517
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0
    Population, total, 2019 7,169,455
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2012 22.700
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2017 21.100
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 97.890
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 86.370
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 59.316
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 0
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2018 0.948
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 16.682
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 16.682
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 436.762
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 161,718.737
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 0
    Urban population, 2019 2,555,552
    Urban population (% of total population), 2019 35.645
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2019 3.332
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0
  • Malaysia

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2018 100
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2015 5.158
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 26.258
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 86,270
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2019 7.277
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2007 1.931
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2005 11.200
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 2.685
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 2,875
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 4,250.800
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2016 0.720
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.317
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.317
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2016 248,288.903
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2016 8.092
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 29.637
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 73,585.689
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 35.341
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 87,747.643
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 28.909
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 71,777.858
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 2.705
    Community health workers (per 1,000 people), 2010 0.435
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 3.750
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.097
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 12
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 4,651.959
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 42.281
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 9.275
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 46.603
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 1.158
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0.682
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 1,024,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 3,003.456
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 125.611
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2018 2.390
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 67.598
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 222,091.992
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 2000 -220.194
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 48
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 1.328
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 1.545
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 45.092
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 34,270.674
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 8.600
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 9.499
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 15,310.246
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -96.346
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 14,128.157
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 357
    Population growth (annual %), 2019 1.327
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2019 24.352
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 5.098
    Population, total, 2019 31,949,777
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2015 0
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2016 13.700
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2017 99.492
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 9.957
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 5.194
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 1.029
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 3,380.071
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 1.958
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2017 1.035
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 790
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 8.986
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 19.119
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 40.542
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 279,098.377
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.299
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 980.785
    Urban population, 2019 24,475,766
    Urban population (% of total population), 2019 76.607
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2019 2.075
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 3.141
  • Myanmar

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2018 66.265
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2007 24.758
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 19.538
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 127,600
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2018 21.354
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2002 3.313
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2000 33.230
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 16.702
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 2,091
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 3,613.700
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2016 0.340
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.106
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.106
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2016 25,280.298
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2016 0.477
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 31.984
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 8,085.735
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 57.369
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 14,502.985
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 4.787
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 1,210.110
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 0.847
    Community health workers (per 1,000 people), 2012 0.195
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2019 2.800
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.092
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 165
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 215.299
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 1.785
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 58.854
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 39.017
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 0.344
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 0
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 369.332
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 91.873
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2018 1.695
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 43.631
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 284,945.996
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 3.609
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 2.327
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -3.996
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 80,636.508
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 44.700
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -39.567
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 26,782.709
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -45.306
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 412,032.935
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2019 0.626
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2019 12.304
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 10.973
    Population, total, 2019 54,045,420
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2017 2
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2016 18.500
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 95.400
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 58.854
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 61.528
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 3.540
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 23,538.320
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 8.051
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2018 1.011
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 4.619
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 6.371
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -39.640
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 528,416.218
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.069
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 459.753
    Urban population, 2019 16,674,093
    Urban population (% of total population), 2019 30.852
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2019 1.514
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 2.921
  • Philippines

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2018 94.857
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2011 9.266
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 41.721
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 124,400
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2019 8.824
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2012 17.027
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2009 81.560
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 18.748
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 2,348
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 3,692.300
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2016 0.409
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.153
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.153
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2016 122,287.116
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2016 1.180
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 6.246
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 7,638.361
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 45.949
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 56,189.441
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 37.609
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 45,991.514
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 2.192
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.806
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 95
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 696.347
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 44.515
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 10.514
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 22.907
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 7.142
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 14.899
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 12,279,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 474.298
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 68.013
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2019 2.030
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 27.769
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 82,800
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 1994 -0.127
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.632
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 1.159
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 37.600
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 57,169.776
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 27.300
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 29.139
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 12,762.022
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -15.416
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 10,484.549
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2019 1.364
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2019 14.321
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 5.651
    Population, total, 2019 108,116,615
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2015 6.100
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2018 19.100
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2017 108.678
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 25.413
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 27.452
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.377
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 6,979.688
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 3.283
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2017 1.018
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 459
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 3.141
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 15.317
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 73.625
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 167,297.550
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.254
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 746.357
    Urban population, 2019 50,975,903
    Urban population (% of total population), 2019 47.149
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2019 1.879
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 2.368
  • Singapore

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2018 100
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 0.931
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 6.600
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2019 0.030
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 1977 31.667
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 0.790
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 2,497
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2016 0.122
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.073
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.075
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2016 37,535.412
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2016 6.694
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 52.882
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 19,849.471
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 42.233
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 15,852.441
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 4.885
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 1,833.500
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 2.022
    Community health workers (per 1,000 people), 2016 0.503
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 2
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 8,844.688
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 1.196
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 95.029
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 0.698
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 1.821
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 918,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 5,121.804
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 58.329
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2019 28.346
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 23.061
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 163.500
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 2,207
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 8.162
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 0.013
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 143.259
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 2,385.800
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 2.500
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 111.240
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 1,908.561
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 413.383
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 6,773.445
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 703
    Population growth (annual %), 2019 1.144
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2019 100
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 10.332
    Population, total, 2019 5,703,569
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2017 99.258
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 1.821
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 0.709
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 3.707
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 24.809
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 4.667
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2017 0.995
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 386
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 2.463
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 5.555
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 55,910.281
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 4.454
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 29.806
    Urban population, 2019 5,703,569
    Urban population (% of total population), 2019 100
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2019 1.144
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 5.665
  • Thailand

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2018 100
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 43.277
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 221,100
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2019 8.004
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2007 25.528
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2007 57.310
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 32.903
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 1,622
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 3,239.700
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2016 0.695
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.245
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.248
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2016 283,763.461
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2016 4.114
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 29.817
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 84,608.691
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 42.319
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 120,086.916
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 20.844
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 59,148.710
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 2.085
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 3.750
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 3.751
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 21
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 2,538.796
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 19.454
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 2.666
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 71.437
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 0.570
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 5.873
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 10,439,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 1,969.002
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 124.072
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2019 1.162
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 32.158
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 164,290
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 2000 -7.891
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.905
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 1.881
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 25.318
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 106,499.220
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 9
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 67.520
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 30,832.947
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 227.555
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 45,142.327
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2019 0.283
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2019 20.353
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 10.342
    Population, total, 2019 69,625,582
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2018 0
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2016 6.700
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 93.420
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 8.538
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 22.863
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.069
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 10,566.013
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 4.051
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2018 0.989
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 1,388
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 12.510
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 18.809
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 111.672
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 440,411.679
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.837
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 4,273.621
    Urban population, 2019 35,294,600
    Urban population (% of total population), 2019 50.692
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2019 1.760
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 6.291
  • Timor-Leste

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2018 85.592
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 25.555
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 3,800
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2018 17.453
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2007 14.267
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2004 1.172
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 10.424
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 1,500
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 2,508.500
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2016 0.440
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.121
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.129
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2016 495.045
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2016 0.406
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 100
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 495.045
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 0
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2007 3.006
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2019 2.600
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.025
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 181
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2007 58.858
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2007 25.519
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2019 4.456
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 45.380
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 6,748.000
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.676
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 1.374
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 115.017
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 732.072
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 44.200
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 102.206
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 225.541
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -500
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 -556.403
    Population growth (annual %), 2019 1.964
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0.935
    Population, total, 2019 1,293,119
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2014 30.700
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2013 37.500
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 103.846
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 0
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 18.224
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.656
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 97.918
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0.811
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2018 1.013
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 4.423
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 13.057
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 111.768
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 959.347
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.020
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 3.050
    Urban population, 2019 400,182
    Urban population (% of total population), 2019 30.947
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2019 3.164
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0.124
  • Vietnam

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2018 100
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2016 39.275
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2016 121,780
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2019 13.956
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2007 22.777
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2005 81.860
    Arable land (% of land area), 2016 22.569
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2014 1,821
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2017 5,434.400
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2016 1.174
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.304
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2016 0.313
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2016 192,667.847
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2016 2.058
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 10.580
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 20,384.853
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 27.280
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 52,559.111
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 42.139
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 81,187.380
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2013 2.457
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2015 3.500
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 1.599
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 70
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 1,423.688
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 29.571
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 36.614
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 33.210
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 0.486
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0.118
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 181,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2013 660.334
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2013 113.555
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2018 6.321
    Forest area (% of land area), 2016 48.060
    Forest area (sq. km), 2016 149,020
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 2000 15.105
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 15.406
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 0.561
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 87.790
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 113,563.740
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 19.900
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 197.005
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 34,494.258
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 348.011
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2012 -2,037.546
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2019 0.960
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2019 17.349
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 36.972
    Population, total, 2019 96,462,106
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2018 1.900
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2017 13.400
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 110.021
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 36.732
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2015 34.999
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 14.608
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 47,580.918
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 29.642
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 2.930
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 7.577
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 213.631
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2012 310,664.069
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.798
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 2,598.800
    Urban population, 2019 35,332,140
    Urban population (% of total population), 2019 36.628
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2019 2.915
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 7.330