Welcome to SEARCA Knowledge Center on Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture and Natural Resource Management in Southeast Asia (KC3)

Climate Change Indicators in Southeast Asia

KC3 presents the latest available data on climate change indicators in Southeast Asian countries drawn from The World Bank Data Catalogue. This page provides information for researchers, development workers, policymakers, and other users who want to gather relevant climate data in each Southeast Asian country.

Browse by Climate Change Indicator

Data as of 20 September 2021 via World Bank
Climate change indicator table

Browse by Southeast Asian Country

Data as of 20 September 2021 via World Bank
  • Brunei Darussalam

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2019 100
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2007 0.877
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2018 2.732
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2018 144
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2020 1.193
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2017 1.082
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2017 0.092
    Arable land (% of land area), 2018 0.949
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2017 2,722
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2018 2,004
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2018 0.529
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.276
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.269
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2018 7,140
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2018 16.645
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 83.351
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 5,342.819
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 28.146
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 1,804.164
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 0
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 1.961
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 2.750
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 66
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 10,290.938
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 98.952
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 1
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0.048
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 2,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 8,672.898
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 135.111
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2019 2.771
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 72.106
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 3,800
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 427
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.381
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 0.201
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 25.701
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 8,830
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 11.400
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -40.055
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2018 150
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -96.022
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 -902.126
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2020 0.962
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 1.609
    Population, total, 2020 437,483
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2019 100.098
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 0.048
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2018 0.011
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.120
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 6.886
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0.536
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2019 1.021
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 8.990
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 46.872
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -19.262
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 16,620
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.262
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 15.065
    Urban population, 2020 342,330
    Urban population (% of total population), 2020 78.250
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2020 1.356
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 1.073
  • Cambodia

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2019 93
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2018 31.532
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2018 55,660
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2020 22.837
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2017 1.811
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2017 2.184
    Arable land (% of land area), 2018 22.156
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2017 1,904
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2018 3,623.500
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2018 0.571
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.165
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.161
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2018 11,160
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2018 0.687
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 65.006
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 6,435.585
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 27.114
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 2,684.244
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 1.041
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2020 2.700
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 6.644
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 144
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 271.367
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 48.397
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 45.486
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 5.185
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0.932
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 41,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 416.838
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 123.901
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2019 13.522
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 45.708
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 80,683.700
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 1994 -17.908
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.695
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 0.186
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 137.600
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 20,310
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 26.600
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 329.135
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2018 5,160
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 3,983.042
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2020 1.400
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2020 12.428
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 7.187
    Population, total, 2020 16,718,971
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2014 24.100
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2019 91.027
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 46.418
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2018 61.838
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.632
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 4,671.188
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 6.536
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 20.649
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 26.028
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 552.598
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 37,460
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.063
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 111.944
    Urban population, 2020 4,051,341
    Urban population (% of total population), 2020 24.232
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2020 3.178
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0.651
  • Indonesia

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2019 98.850
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2018 33.182
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2018 623,000
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2020 13.704
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2017 11.027
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2017 222.635
    Arable land (% of land area), 2018 14.008
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2017 2,702
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2018 5,226.700
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2018 0.508
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.192
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.187
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2018 583,110
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2018 2.178
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 18.437
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 91,260.629
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 42.790
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 211,802.253
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 43.204
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 213,852.106
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 2.173
    Community health workers (per 1,000 people), 2015 0
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 3.250
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.161
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 73
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2019 1,084
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 55.776
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 5.873
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 25.170
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 8.398
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 4.779
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 11,181,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 883.922
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 90.185
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2019 2.233
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 49.072
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 921,332
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 1994 164.118
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.779
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 3.057
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 5.571
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 287,500
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 23.900
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -7.375
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2018 95,690
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -99.632
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 -32,215.648
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 135
    Population growth (annual %), 2020 1.065
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2020 13.625
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 7.367
    Population, total, 2020 273,523,621
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2019 2.700
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2018 17.700
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 102.335
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2019 16.247
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2018 20.864
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.556
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 48,064.531
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 3.612
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2018 0.993
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 1,106
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 5.268
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 12.166
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -33.006
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 969,580
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.223
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 4,193.398
    Urban population, 2020 154,926,514
    Urban population (% of total population), 2020 56.641
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2020 2.230
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 3.755
  • Lao PDR

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2019 100
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2014 11.189
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2018 10.373
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2018 23,940
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2020 16.198
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2017 3.845
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2017 7.320
    Arable land (% of land area), 2018 6.716
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2017 1,834
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2018 4,504.200
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2018 1.490
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.350
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.342
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2018 18,790
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2018 2.661
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 19.003
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 2,918.932
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 90.147
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 13,846.592
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2020 2.800
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 2.250
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 2.693
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 154
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2019 4.141
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 71.904
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 165,955
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 1990 -104.304
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 84.406
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 7,610
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 45.500
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 101.702
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2018 2,740
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 691.893
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 10,918.724
    Population growth (annual %), 2020 1.469
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0
    Population, total, 2020 7,275,556
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2018 10
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2017 21.100
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2019 92.168
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 86.370
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2018 41.884
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 0
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2019 0.951
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 16.682
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 16.682
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 436.762
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 29,270
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 0
    Urban population, 2020 2,640,299
    Urban population (% of total population), 2020 36.290
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2020 3.262
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0
  • Malaysia

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2019 100
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2015 5.158
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2018 26.087
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2018 85,710
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2020 8.206
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2017 1.156
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2017 6.707
    Arable land (% of land area), 2018 2.514
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2017 2,875
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2018 4,128
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2018 0.626
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.276
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.269
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2018 239,620
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2018 7.600
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 32.184
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 73,585.689
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 38.378
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 87,747.643
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 31.393
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 71,777.858
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 2.583
    Community health workers (per 1,000 people), 2010 0.435
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 3.750
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.097
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 12
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 4,651.951
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 42.281
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 9.275
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 46.603
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 1.158
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0.682
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 1,024,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 3,003.451
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 125.635
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2019 2.496
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 58.177
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 191,140.400
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 2000 -220.194
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 48
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 1.328
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 1.545
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 45.092
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 46,580
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 8.600
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 9.499
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2018 11,120
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -96.346
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 -29,431.548
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 357
    Population growth (annual %), 2020 1.294
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2020 24.708
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 5.098
    Population, total, 2020 32,365,998
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2015 0
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2019 14.100
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2017 99.492
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 9.957
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2018 5.311
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 1.029
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 3,380.071
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 1.958
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2017 1.035
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 790
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 8.986
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 19.119
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 40.542
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 306,670
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.299
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 980.785
    Urban population, 2020 24,973,604
    Urban population (% of total population), 2020 77.160
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2020 2.014
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 3.141
  • Myanmar

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2019 68.357
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2007 24.758
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2018 19.744
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2018 128,890
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2020 22.822
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2017 3.313
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2017 33.231
    Arable land (% of land area), 2018 16.974
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2017 2,091
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2018 3,604.500
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2018 0.370
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.120
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.118
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2018 32,520
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2018 0.605
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 36.938
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 8,085.735
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 66.254
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 14,502.985
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 5.528
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 1,210.110
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 0.882
    Community health workers (per 1,000 people), 2012 0.195
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2020 2.800
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.092
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 165
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 215.299
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 1.785
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 58.854
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 39.017
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 0.344
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 0
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 369.332
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 91.873
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2019 2.174
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 43.726
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 285,438.900
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 3.609
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 2.327
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -3.996
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 65,790
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 44.700
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -39.567
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2018 21,340
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -45.306
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 5,188.224
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2020 0.672
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2020 12.441
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 10.973
    Population, total, 2020 54,409,794
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2017 1.400
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2018 19.100
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 95.400
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 58.854
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2018 60.111
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 3.540
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 23,538.320
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 8.051
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2018 1.011
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 4.619
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 6.371
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -39.640
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 119,650
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.069
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 459.753
    Urban population, 2020 16,943,754
    Urban population (% of total population), 2020 31.141
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2020 1.604
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 2.921
  • Philippines

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2019 95.629
    Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land), 2011 9.266
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2018 41.721
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2018 124,400
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2020 10.185
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2017 19.363
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2017 92.750
    Arable land (% of land area), 2018 18.748
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2017 2,348
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2018 3,670.500
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2018 0.418
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.157
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.153
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2018 142,240
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2018 1.334
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 6.115
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 7,638.361
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 44.980
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 56,189.441
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 36.817
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 45,991.514
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 2.190
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.806
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 95
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 696.347
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 44.515
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 10.514
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 22.907
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 7.142
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 14.899
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 12,279,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 474.298
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 68.013
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2019 2.301
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 24.109
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 71,885.900
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 1994 -0.127
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.632
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 1.159
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 37.600
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 67,660
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 27.300
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 29.139
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2018 13,640
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -15.416
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 4,267.338
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2020 1.345
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2020 14.372
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 5.651
    Population, total, 2020 109,581,085
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2018 2.700
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2018 19.100
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 115.437
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 25.413
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2018 23.220
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.377
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 6,979.688
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 3.283
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2018 1.026
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 459
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 3.141
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 15.317
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 73.625
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 232,340
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.254
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 746.357
    Urban population, 2020 51,950,201
    Urban population (% of total population), 2020 47.408
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2020 1.893
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 2.368
  • Singapore

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2019 100
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2018 0.931
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2018 6.600
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2020 0.032
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2017 82.017
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2017 0.492
    Arable land (% of land area), 2018 0.790
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2017 2,497
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2018 0.142
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.086
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.084
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2018 47,360
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2018 8.399
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 43.001
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 19,849.471
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 34.342
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 15,852.441
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 3.972
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 1,833.500
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 1.587
    Community health workers (per 1,000 people), 2016 0.503
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 2
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 8,844.688
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 1.196
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 0
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 95.029
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 0.698
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 1.821
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 918,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 5,121.804
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 58.229
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2019 32.170
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 21.961
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 155.700
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 2,207
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 8.162
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 0.013
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 143.259
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 4,150
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 2.500
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 111.240
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2018 9,710
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 413.383
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 2,728.241
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 703
    Population growth (annual %), 2020 -0.312
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2020 100
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 10.332
    Population, total, 2020 5,685,807
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 99.922
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 1.821
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2018 0.727
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 3.707
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 24.809
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 4.667
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2018 0.996
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 386
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 2.463
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 5.555
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 66,640
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 4.454
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 29.806
    Urban population, 2020 5,685,807
    Urban population (% of total population), 2020 100
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2020 -0.312
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 5.665
  • Thailand

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2019 99.900
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2018 43.277
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2018 221,100
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2020 8.645
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2017 25.527
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2017 57.307
    Arable land (% of land area), 2018 32.903
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2017 1,622
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2018 3,198.200
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2018 0.582
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.205
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.200
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2018 257,860
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2018 3.714
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 32.452
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 84,608.691
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 46.060
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 120,086.916
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 22.687
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 59,148.710
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2014 1.919
    Disaster risk reduction progress score (1-5 scale; 5=best), 2011 3.750
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 3.751
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 21
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 2,538.796
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 19.454
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 2.666
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 71.437
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 0.570
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 5.873
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 10,439,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2014 1,969.001
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2014 124.195
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2019 0.885
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 38.899
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 198,730
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 2000 -7.891
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.905
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 1.881
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 25.318
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 84,140
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 9
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 67.520
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2018 19,950
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 227.555
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 28,219.842
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2020 0.250
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2020 20.648
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 10.342
    Population, total, 2020 69,799,978
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2019 0.100
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2019 7.700
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2019 94.411
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 8.538
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2018 23.723
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 2.069
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 10,566.013
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 4.051
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2019 0.983
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 1,388
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 12.510
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 18.809
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 111.672
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 416,950
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.837
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 4,273.621
    Urban population, 2020 35,898,129
    Urban population (% of total population), 2020 51.430
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2020 1.696
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 6.291
  • Timor-Leste

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2019 94.716
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2018 25.555
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2018 3,800
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2019 14.185
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2017 14.267
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2017 1.172
    Arable land (% of land area), 2018 10.424
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2017 1,500
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2018 2,555.200
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2018 0.601
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.165
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.162
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2018 640
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2018 0.505
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 71.746
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 495.045
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 0
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 0
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2007 3.279
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2020 2.600
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 0.025
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 181
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2007 58.858
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2007 25.519
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2019 3.696
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 61.944
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 9,211
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.676
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 1.374
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 115.017
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 5,280
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 44.200
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 102.206
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2018 260
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 -500
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 204.313
    Population growth (annual %), 2020 1.939
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0.935
    Population, total, 2020 1,318,442
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2014 22
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2013 37.500
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2019 105.198
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 0
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2018 18.385
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.656
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 97.918
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0.811
    School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI), 2019 1.028
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 4.423
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 13.057
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 111.768
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 6,190
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.020
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 3.050
    Urban population, 2020 412,936
    Urban population (% of total population), 2020 31.320
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2020 3.137
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 0.124
  • Vietnam

    Climate Change Indicator, as of Year Latest Data
    Access to electricity (% of population), 2019 99.400
    Agricultural land (% of land area), 2018 39.245
    Agricultural land (sq. km), 2018 121,688
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP), 2020 14.853
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources), 2017 22.777
    Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (billion cubic meters), 2017 81.862
    Arable land (% of land area), 2018 22.538
    Average precipitation in depth (mm per year), 2017 1,821
    Cereal yield (kg per hectare), 2018 5,685.400
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2010 US$ of GDP), 2018 1.374
    CO2 emissions (kg per 2017 PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.356
    CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP), 2018 0.347
    CO2 emissions (kt), 2018 257,860
    CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita), 2018 2.699
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 9.106
    CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt), 2016 20,384.853
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 23.478
    CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 52,559.111
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total), 2016 36.265
    CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt), 2016 81,187.380
    CO2 intensity (kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use), 2013 2.564
    CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high), 2015 3.500
    Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009), 2009 1.599
    Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations), 2019 70
    Electric power consumption (kWh per capita), 2014 1,423.700
    Electricity production from coal sources (% of total), 2015 29.571
    Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total), 2015 36.614
    Electricity production from natural gas sources (% of total), 2015 33.210
    Electricity production from nuclear sources (% of total), 2014 0
    Electricity production from oil sources (% of total), 2015 0.486
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (% of total), 2015 0.118
    Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh), 2015 181,000,000
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 2013 660.341
    Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per jumi,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP), 2013 113.555
    Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 2019 6.155
    Forest area (% of land area), 2020 47.225
    Forest area (sq. km), 2020 146,430.900
    GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent), 2000 15.105
    HFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 15.406
    Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters), 2018 0.561
    Methane emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 87.790
    Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 87,750
    Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births), 2019 19.900
    Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 197.005
    Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2018 24,080
    Other greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 348.011
    Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2016 22,687.861
    PFC gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Population growth (annual %), 2020 0.905
    Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population), 2020 17.797
    Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 36.972
    Population, total, 2020 97,338,583
    Poverty headcount ratio at jumi.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population), 2018 1.800
    Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5), 2017 13.400
    Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group), 2018 110.021
    Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output), 2015 36.732
    Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption), 2018 23.492
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 14.608
    Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 47,580.918
    Rural population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 29.642
    SF6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent), 2010 0
    Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area), 2018 2.930
    Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area), 2018 7.577
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990), 2012 213.631
    Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent), 2018 376,530
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area), 2010 0.798
    Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. km), 2010 2,598.800
    Urban population, 2020 36,346,227
    Urban population (% of total population), 2020 37.340
    Urban population growth (annual %), 2020 2.830
    Urban population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population), 2010 7.330