Welcome to SEARCA Knowledge Center on Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture and Natural Resource Management in Southeast Asia (KC3)

Publications

This contains experience notes, adaptation notes, policy briefs, policy papers, technical reports, stories on good practices, and other publications related to climate change adaptation and mitigation in Southeast Asia not just from SEARCA, but also from KC3's partners and other agencies/institutions.

Watershed is critical to economic development and environmental protection in Southeast Asia. Thus, managing them effectively is key in the pursuit of sustainable development. Watershed management, however, is a complex decision-making process. The threat brought by climate change further puts stress on the already-stressed watersheds in the region, and would further complicate the already-complex process of watershed management and governance. Extensive research is therefore needed to provide an empirical database that will predict the future changes in watersheds. An integrated…
The "Redraw The Line" climate change awareness campaign, the No Impact Project and the Asia-Pacific Media Alliance for Social Awareness are holding a series of one-day seminars around Asia on “Building Critical Mass Awareness of Climate Change - Engaging Media, Advertising and Entertainment Sectors”. The events aim to stimulate dialogue and cooperation between different sectors in addressing climate change. Objectives The events aim to stimulate dialogue and cooperation in mitigating and adapting to climate change through multi-sector partnerships between different…
Anangue is an upland village located in Murcia, Negros Occidental, Philippines. The primary livelihood in the village is farming. However, the villagers experience low agricultural productivity due to the lack of access to sufficient water. The nearest source of water in the village is a freshwater spring located 240 meters away and elevated by 80 meters. Thus, the community greatly depends on rainfall for domestic consumption and agricultural production. However, with the onset of climate change causing variations in the…
The Approach The Centre for Climate Risk and Opportunity Management (CCROM) introduced a comprehensive approach for mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Climate Change Mitigation (CCM) within the framework of Water Resources Management at catchment level. It was piloted for the Citarum River watershed in West Java, Indonesia. Scope and entry points The core of the whole process is to integrate CCA and CCM options into catchment management and local development planning. In doing so, the approach supports a resilient…
The Method Vulnerability Assessment by the World Wildlife Fund – Indonesia (WWF-VA) is a rapid method to identify adaptation options for ecosystem-dependent communities, which are vulnerable to climate variability and change. It was piloted in Malemba and Mensiau, two villages between the Sentarum Lake National Park (Taman Nasional Danau Sentarum) and Betung Kerihun National Park (Taman Nasional Betung Kerihun) of West Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. The area is a migration corridor for orang-utans between the two national parks. Scope and entry…
What are Vulnerability Assessments? Vulnerability describes the degree to which a natural or social system is susceptible to, and unable to cope with, adverse effects of climate change, including climate variability and extremes (IPCC 2007). The purpose of assessing the underlying factors of vulnerability is to identify measures and policies that reduce vulnerability. Vulnerability Assessments (VAs) help to identify the nature and extent to which climate change may harm a country, region, sector or community. These assessments provide a basis…
What is mainstreaming adaptation to climate change? Climate change can endanger human health and life – either directly through disasters or by damaging the productivity of critical development resources such as crops and livestock, forest, fisheries, and water. To avoid this, we have to consider and anticipate climate change risks when deciding, e.g. where and how to build infrastructure, what crops to plant and when to plant them, what species to reforest, which health services to provide in the future,…
Adaptation monitoring and evaluation (M&E) assesses whether adaptation measures have achieved their desired results and whether resources have been used efficiently and effectively. M&E can ensure accountability, which is particularly important in the context of climate finance. In addition, adaptation M&E can also support project and programme management under uncertainty and facilitate learning about what does and does not work, and why. The learning aspect is particularly important as adaptation is still a relatively new policy field. The core question…
Why do we need climate information? ‘Adapt to what exactly?’ is the first question a decisionmaker may ask when faced with the need to prepare for the consequences of climate change. Without knowing the expected changes in climatic conditions, proactive and anticipatory adaptation approaches are difficult. We might identify no-regret measures that are suitable to different climate change scenarios, but the more we know, the better our responses can be. In a changing climate we, therefore, need usable climate information…
Flooding is a prevalent problem in the Philippines, especially now that there are heavier rains due to climate change. Experience has shown that being prepared for a disaster can minimize casualty and damage. However, for people living in remote areas, preparedness could be a problem, as they do not usually have access to radio, TV, mobile phones, and other media that can immediately warn of possible floods and landslides. As such, an effective early warning system needs to be designed…
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