Welcome to SEARCA Knowledge Center on Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture and Natural Resource Management in Southeast Asia (KC3)

Publications

This contains experience notes, adaptation notes, policy briefs, policy papers, technical reports, stories on good practices, and other publications related to climate change adaptation and mitigation in Southeast Asia not just from SEARCA, but also from KC3's partners and other agencies/institutions.

This review outlines existing knowledge (context-specific and localized) of climate change impacts, vulnerability, and adaptation, assesses the limitations of different frameworks and approaches used by various initiatives in Cambodia, and identifies knowledge gaps for future research. It explores the impacts of climate change on livelihoods through three dimensions: (1) agricultural practices, technology, policy, irrigation, credit and markets; (2) community-based natural resources management and the roles of forest, fishery and water-user communities in protecting and managing resources; and (3) gender considerations.…
In the face of the threats posed by climate change, initiatives for the conservation of natural resources are now being prioritized globally, particularly the conservation of watersheds and forests to reduce carbon emissions. REDD+ (Reducing Emissions, Deforestation, and Forest Degradation and the Conservation of Existing Carbon Stocks) is now gaining ground as a sound mechanism to address climate change. However, countries need to mainstream and adequately implement the social, governance, and environmental safeguards of REDD+ for the mechanism to succeed.…
Watershed is critical to economic development and environmental protection in Southeast Asia. Thus, managing them effectively is key in the pursuit of sustainable development. Watershed management, however, is a complex decision-making process. The threat brought by climate change further puts stress on the already-stressed watersheds in the region, and would further complicate the already-complex process of watershed management and governance. Extensive research is therefore needed to provide an empirical database that will predict the future changes in watersheds. An integrated…
The "Redraw The Line" climate change awareness campaign, the No Impact Project and the Asia-Pacific Media Alliance for Social Awareness are holding a series of one-day seminars around Asia on “Building Critical Mass Awareness of Climate Change - Engaging Media, Advertising and Entertainment Sectors”. The events aim to stimulate dialogue and cooperation between different sectors in addressing climate change. Objectives The events aim to stimulate dialogue and cooperation in mitigating and adapting to climate change through multi-sector partnerships between different…
Anangue is an upland village located in Murcia, Negros Occidental, Philippines. The primary livelihood in the village is farming. However, the villagers experience low agricultural productivity due to the lack of access to sufficient water. The nearest source of water in the village is a freshwater spring located 240 meters away and elevated by 80 meters. Thus, the community greatly depends on rainfall for domestic consumption and agricultural production. However, with the onset of climate change causing variations in the…
The Approach The Centre for Climate Risk and Opportunity Management (CCROM) introduced a comprehensive approach for mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Climate Change Mitigation (CCM) within the framework of Water Resources Management at catchment level. It was piloted for the Citarum River watershed in West Java, Indonesia. Scope and entry points The core of the whole process is to integrate CCA and CCM options into catchment management and local development planning. In doing so, the approach supports a resilient…
The Method Vulnerability Assessment by the World Wildlife Fund – Indonesia (WWF-VA) is a rapid method to identify adaptation options for ecosystem-dependent communities, which are vulnerable to climate variability and change. It was piloted in Malemba and Mensiau, two villages between the Sentarum Lake National Park (Taman Nasional Danau Sentarum) and Betung Kerihun National Park (Taman Nasional Betung Kerihun) of West Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. The area is a migration corridor for orang-utans between the two national parks. Scope and entry…
What are Vulnerability Assessments? Vulnerability describes the degree to which a natural or social system is susceptible to, and unable to cope with, adverse effects of climate change, including climate variability and extremes (IPCC 2007). The purpose of assessing the underlying factors of vulnerability is to identify measures and policies that reduce vulnerability. Vulnerability Assessments (VAs) help to identify the nature and extent to which climate change may harm a country, region, sector or community. These assessments provide a basis…
What is mainstreaming adaptation to climate change? Climate change can endanger human health and life – either directly through disasters or by damaging the productivity of critical development resources such as crops and livestock, forest, fisheries, and water. To avoid this, we have to consider and anticipate climate change risks when deciding, e.g. where and how to build infrastructure, what crops to plant and when to plant them, what species to reforest, which health services to provide in the future,…
Adaptation monitoring and evaluation (M&E) assesses whether adaptation measures have achieved their desired results and whether resources have been used efficiently and effectively. M&E can ensure accountability, which is particularly important in the context of climate finance. In addition, adaptation M&E can also support project and programme management under uncertainty and facilitate learning about what does and does not work, and why. The learning aspect is particularly important as adaptation is still a relatively new policy field. The core question…
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