Welcome to SEARCA Knowledge Center on Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture and Natural Resource Management in Southeast Asia (KC3)

Publications

This contains experience notes, adaptation notes, policy briefs, policy papers, technical reports, stories on good practices, and other publications related to climate change adaptation and mitigation in Southeast Asia not just from SEARCA, but also from KC3's partners and other agencies/institutions.

This study was conducted in Southern Leyte to characterize its biophysical attributes, identify factors influencing landslide occurrences, develop a landslide database, and present recommendations for suitable land use. The major attributes of the province that were mapped using geospatial technologies (geographic information system, global positioning system, and remote sensing) were rock formations and fault lines, seismic occurrences, slope characteristics, elevation, soil series, vegetation/land use, and rainfall characteristics. Some soil properties of the landslide areas were also determined. The highest frequency…
Nowadays, international and regional institutions dedicated to research, training, and extension activities in disaster-prone countries are emerging. Many contemporary approaches to risk management and reduction, now being discussed and advocated at the international level, have grown out of disaster reduction research and application by developing country researchers and institutions. Natural catastrophes and disasters destroy fixed assets and physical capitals, interrupt production and trade, and divert and deplete savings as well as public and private investments. More than the damage to a…
Climate change, with its impact on agriculture, is emerging as one of the most significant development issues in the region. Climate change, among others, could alter temperature and precipitation regimes over major agricultural production regions; the frequency and intensity of extreme events – typhoon, floods, and droughts; average sea level; and incidence of pests and diseases. Moreover, agriculture is vulnerable to the impacts arising from global efforts to mitigate greenhouse gases (GHGs) which are likely to affect production costs and…
Climate change planning capacities and processes vary among the various Southeast Asian countries. But common is the difficulty faced in mobilising local action. In Cambodia, the need for policy that supports climate change adaptation (CCA) mainstreaming into national policies, planning, and budgetary processes has affected mainstreaming efforts at sub-national levels (AKP 2010a). In Vietnam, provinces without CC projects are not aware of the issue and have not yet taken any action (AKP 2010b). On the other hand, the Philippines has…
Introduction and Framework of Analysis According to the Initial Communication of the Philippines, the Philippines is among the first countries to respond to the challenge of the climate change phenomenon. As early as May 8, 1991, the Philippine government had created the Inter-agency Committee on Climate Change (IACCC) by virtue of Administrative Order No. 220. Since then, several initiatives such as action-oriented programs and policies have followed to address climate change. Recently, the Philippine government established the Philippine Climate Change Commission by virtue of the…
The comprehensive consideration of internal and external changes in conditions pertaining to the post-2012 Kyoto Protocol scheme indicates that Korea is highly likely to be mandated to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions starting the second commitment period (2013-2017). The new emission cut mandate under the Kyoto Protocol could serve as a good opportunity for Korea, depending on how it reacts. This paper analyzes the impact of the Kyoto Protocol implementation on the agriculture sector and suggests strategies for the post-Kyoto…
Climate change can negatively impact groundwater resources due to its influence on the hydrologic cycle. In view of the Philippines’ heavy reliance on groundwater resources, it is important to quantify these effects to serve as basis for sustainable groundwater resources management. This study aimed to simulate and predict the effects of climate change on groundwater levels on selected productive shallow aquifer system in Bay, Laguna, Philippines, using a numerical groundwater model.  Model simulations using various climate change scenarios, based on the lower and upper limits of predicted air…
The Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organisation (SEAMEO) was established on 30 November 1965 as a chartered international organization whose purpose is to promote cooperation in education, science, and culture in the Southeast Asian region.  SEAMEO’s mission is “to enhance regional understanding and cooperation and unity of purpose among SEAMEO Member Countries and achieve a better quality of life through (a) the establishment of networks and partnerships, (b) the provision of an intellectual forum for policymakers and experts, and (c) the promotion of sustainable human resource…
Making Agriculture Sector Climate Smart Agriculture remains a major engine of growth in Southeast Asia. With a growing population projected to reach as high as 600 million in 2015, concern is high on the observed increasing mean temperature in Southeast Asia. This, in turn, has been correlated to the increased frequency and variability of other climate hazards and risks resulting to the reduction of agricultural productivity of major agricultural commodities especially rice and corn. Given that the majority of the countries in the region are agriculture-based, making agriculture climate-smart is a requisite towards achieving its…
The case of Leyte and Southern Leyte Leyte and Southern Leyte are two provinces in the Philippines with the most catastrophic landslide history. The worst of which occurred in Ormoc City, Leyte in November 1991 and in Panaon Island, Southern Leyte on 19 December 2003. These events, triggered by heavy and continuous rain, claimed the lives of more than 5,000 landslide and flashflood victims in Ormoc City and 200 people in Southern Leyte.  On 17 February 2006, a massive landslide also occurred in Barangay Guinsaugon, St. Bernard, Southern Leyte where more than 1,000…
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