Welcome to SEARCA Knowledge Center on Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture and Natural Resource Management in Southeast Asia (KC3)

Harvested Publications

Executive Summary   Myanmar, also commonly referred to as Burma, is one of the largest countries in South East Asia with 56 million people.4 Myanmar shares borders with China, Laos, Thailand, Bangladesh, and India. In the south, Myanmar has marine borders with the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal. Myanmar is ethnically diverse with a majority of the population made up of Bamars. Eight major national ethnic races are present in Myanmar. Each ethnic race is comprised of diverse…
Myanmar’s climate is projected to shift dramatically in the coming decades, having a lasting and significant impact on Myanmar’s ecosystems and, in turn, on human health, agriculture, food security, infrastructure, local livelihoods, and the larger economy. The climate risk information in this report, developed in collaboration with the Department of Meteorology (DMH) and in consultation with other key stakeholders, can aid adaptation and resilience planning across many sectors. This report presents climate risk information including observed climate and future projections…
Abstract  The Philippines enacted two legislations to promote RE deployment: the Renewable Energy Act of 2008 and the Biofuels Act of 2006, in recognition of the advantages of the use of renewable energy (RE) as energy source. However, there remain issues and criticisms on the promotion of RE technologies and on the implementation of the RE laws. Both sides of the debate have their justifications for supporting or not supporting the use of RE resources and technologies. The implementation of…
Scenarios in tropical forest degradation: carbon stock trajectories for REDD+ Human-caused disturbance to tropical rainforests—such as logging and fire—causes substantial losses of carbon stocks. This is a critical issue to be addressed in the context of policy discussions to implement REDD+. This work reviews current scientific knowledge about the temporal dynamics of degradation-induced carbon emissions to describe common patterns of emissions from logging and fire across tropical forest regions. Using best available information, we: (i) develop short-term emissions factors (per…
This enlightening book brings together the work of gender and forestry specialists from various backgrounds and fields of research and action to analyze global gender conditions as related to forests. Using a variety of methods and approaches, they build on a spectrum of theoretical perspectives to bring depth and breadth to the relevant issues and address timely and under-studied themes. Focusing particularly on tropical forests, the book presents both local case studies and global comparative studies from Africa, Asia, and…
Forest-driven water and energy cycles are poorly integrated into regional, national, continental and global decision-making on climate change adaptation, mitigation, land use and water management. This constrains humanity’s ability to protect our planet’s climate and life-sustaining functions. The substantial body of research we review reveals that forest, water, and energy interactions provide the foundations for carbon storage, for cooling terrestrial surfaces and for distributing water resources. Forests and trees must be recognized as prime regulators within the water, energy and…
Climate change is one of the defining issues of our time. Over 30 UNESCO programmes in the sciences, education, culture, and communication contribute to creating knowledge, educating and communicating about climate change, and to understanding the ethical implications for present and future generations. The UNESCO Climate Change Initiative, launched by the Director-General in Copenhagen, federates UNESCO’s work and joins it with that of other UN bodies and aims to help Member States to mitigate and adapt to climate change, to educate…
Rural communities throughout the Asia-Pacific are generally more exposed to climate-driven changes to their livelihoods than those in larger/urban communities. A team led by Dr. Chris Jacobson, Sustainability Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia, developed and piloted a community resilience tool to be used to support climate change adaptation within existing development planning pathways. The framework included 39 key questions based around the outcomes related to livelihoods and environment, infrastructure, community, and climate change and disaster management. The…
Green infrastructure can play a significant role in offsetting losses from climate-related disasters and contribute to building resilience through rehabilitation and expansion of natural ecosystems within built areas. Urban populations are projected to increase from 54% to 66% of the global population by 2050, with close to 90% of the increase concentrated in Asia and Africa. Cities and towns—a growing source of greenhouse gas emissions—will need to address challenges posed by climate change. A nature-based approach in identifying climate change…
Guidelines for policy makers and proposal developers provide pragmatic advice in designing gender-responsive climate policies and funding proposals. Actively engaging women in climate mitigation activities can yield multiple benefits, including improved jobs, better livelihoods, and more equitable revenue flows. Efforts are moving forward to design climate funding mechanisms to help capture these benefits, but policymakers and other stakeholders need more guidance on designing gender-responsive climate policies and funding proposals. The guidelines in this publication fill this void. It is hoped…
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