Addressing the Impacts of Climate Change in the Philippine Agriculture Sector
The Philippines is an archipelagic country where agriculture plays a vital role in providing around 30 percent of employment and 10 percent of the country’s total gross domestic product in 2013. Recent natural disasters significantly affected crops and livestock resulted in severe loss in agricultural production including human lives. Climate change worsens the economic situation and food security among others of the Philippine people. Hence, there is a critical and urgent need to develop climate-smart technologies available and accessible to the farmers through creation of an enabling institutional environment.
The National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) is responsible for advising the Philippine President on national development planning, including recommending the level of the annual government expenditure as stipulated in the 2011-2016 Philippine Development Plan and Public Investment Program. In NEDA, the Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment Staff (ANRES) provides technical support in coordinating the formulation of national plans and policies for agriculture, natural resources, and agrarian reform sectors. The NEDA-ANRES has expressed strong interest to develop and apply new methods to evaluate current policies and formulate future policies, particularly for the agriculture sector.