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Harvested News

Published on 2 May 2014 Global
When phytoplankton use carbon dioxide to make new cells, a substantial portion of that cellular material is released into the sea as a buffet of edible molecules collectively called "dissolved organic carbon." The majority of these molecules are eventually eaten by microscopic marine bacteria, used for energy, and recycled back into carbon dioxide as the bacteria exhale. The amount of carbon that remains as cell…
Published on 2 May 2014 Feature
Through an innovative experiment, Stanford researchers led by biology Professor Steve Palumbi have shown that some corals can -- on the fly -- adjust their internal functions to tolerate hot water 50 times faster than they would adapt through evolutionary change alone. The findings, published April 24 in Science, open a new realm of possibility for understanding and conserving corals. "The temperature of coral reefs…
Published on 2 May 2014 Global
While biofuels are better in the long run, the study says they won't meet a standard set in a 2007 energy law to qualify as renewable fuel. The conclusions deal a blow to proponents of cellulosic biofuels, which have received more than a billion dollars in federal support but have struggled to meet volume targets mandated by law. About half of the initial market in…
Published on 22 April 2014 Feature
A growing number of funders, experts, and adaptation practitioners question whether addressing climate change requires fundamental changes in how our society functions, including “paradigm shifts” in our values and decision-making. Lisa Schipper, an expert at the Stockholm Environment Institute, notes that “Adaptation was always meant to be transformational, but it somehow lost its edge; it lost its spunk and it became just another term for…
Published on 22 April 2014 Feature
How much would society save if it didn’t emit that tonne of CO2? One recent US estimate is $37. Such a measure helps civil servants, businessmen and ministers to calculate the impact of steps that might be taken. On the other hand, say Richard Revesz of New York University School of Law and US and Swedish colleagues, assumptions of cost per tonne – and these…
Published on 22 April 2014 Global
World’s longest-running rice experiment Since 1962, the LTCCE has been working to determine the impact of continuously growing irrigated rice on overall crop productivity and soil health. This year marks the 150th harvest taken from the same soil from the same field in all those 52 years: each year, the field is harvested three times instead of the usual two. In a typical year, this…
Published on 22 April 2014 Myanmar
“Getting food is a headache for us every day,” said 30-year-old Kyi Htay as she prepared a meal of tomato curry and rice on the floor of her one-room hut in Bagan, Mandalay Region. The central regions of Mandalay, Magway and Lower Sagaing, known as the “dry zone” and covering 13 percent of the country, have some of the lowest rainfall levels; 60 percent of…
Published on 22 April 2014 Global
But the United Kingdom is still a long way behind other European countries in using solar technology. To power the whole country we'd need solar panels on every rooftop. The problem is that it is still quite expensive and over the past few years the incentives have been reduced. The "feed-in-tariff" rates - or the money paid for electricity generated - have been reduced year…
Published on 22 April 2014 Vietnam
"Children generally have low awareness and limited capacity to adapt to impacts of climate change," Nhue said at conference attended by experts from various non-governmental organisations in Hanoi this week. "They have limited access to assets, information and government resources," he said. At the conference, experts shared their experiences and measures taken to cope with climate change. Statistics released by Plan in Vietnam showed that…
Published on 22 April 2014 Philippines
Haiyan, one of the strongest storms ever to make landfall, slammed into the central Philippines on Nov. 8 last year with record wind strength of 235 kilometers per hour and gusts of up to 275 kph. It has been suggested its unusual strength and rapid intensification were fueled by warming of subsurface waters of Pacific waters east of the Philippines in recent decades. It left…
Published on 22 April 2014 Feature
That may be a futile attempt, as the ball has already been set in motion with the only choice left now is “surviving” and lessening these consequences, according to a recent U.N. report on what the devastating effects of climate change will be if actions are not taken immediately. In the paper released on March 31 by the U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, experts…
Published on 22 April 2014 Global
However, the IPCC, a UN panel, also said that "in a low crop productivity scenario, producers in food exporting countries, such as Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand, would benefit from global food price rises and reduce poverty." The Philippines mainly exports coconut oil, banana, tuna, and pineapple. However, the country also imports rice, wheat, soy bean, and milk products. The threat: climate change without adaptation…
Published on 22 April 2014 Philippines
“Local governments play an important role in adaptation because they directly communicate with affected communities. For the past several years, leading practices have begun in New York City, Mexico City, Toronto, Albay Province in the Philippines, and elsewhere,” the final draft of the "Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability" report said. “These achievements were possible because of elected and local leadership; cooperation among national…
Published on 22 April 2014 Global
The report, sadly, is massive and excruciatingly hard to digest. Our hats go off to the good folks at the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), who summarized it with easy-to-read infographics on what to expect over the next several decades. The bottom line: Climate change probably will hurt food production, raise food prices and increase hunger, especially in the tropics. At the same…
Published on 22 April 2014 Feature
In 2012, typhoon Haikui battered the megacity of 12mn people for eight days, but when tropical storm Ondoy hit Manila in 2009 and a month’s worth of rain fell in a few hours, the city came close to catastrophe. Nearly 80% was flooded, 246 people died and hundreds of thousands had to be evacuated. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the UN’s…
Published on 22 April 2014 Global
"We were astonished that biodiversity changes were so strongly affected by soil texture and that it was such an overriding factor," said Thomas Crowther, a postdoctoral fellow at the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies and lead author of the study. "Texture overrode the effects of all the other variables that we thought might be important, including temperature, moisture, nutrient concentrations, and soil pH."…
Published on 22 April 2014 Global
Below are some of the costliest impacts, according to a 49-page summary from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change which met in Yokohama near Tokyo this week. — ENERGY Demand for residential air conditioning in the summer will rise from 300 terawatt hours a year in 2000 to about 4,000 terawatt hours in 2050 and more than 10,000 terawatt hours in 2100. Rising incomes will…
Published on 2 April 2014 Global
Greenpeace demands governments to come to the climate summit of UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in September with serious offers that will help achieve a 100-percent RE system. Solar, wind and other clean energy are already challenging the old system, but governments must accelerate the transition, the group said. The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), for its part, said the latest IPCC report “gives…
Published on 2 April 2014 Philippines
In 2012, typhoon Haikui battered the megacity of 12 million people for eight days, but when tropical storm Ondoy hit Manila in 2009 and a month’s worth of rain fell in a few hours, the city came close to catastrophe. Nearly 80 per cent was flooded, 246 people died and hundreds of thousands had to be evacuated. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change…
Published on 2 April 2014 Global
In that time, climate change has ceased to be a distant threat and made an impact much closer to home, the report's authors say. "It's about people now," said Virginia Burkett, the chief scientist for global change at the US geological survey and one of the report's authors. "It's more relevant to the man on the street. It's more relevant to communities because the impacts…
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