Welcome to SEARCA Knowledge Center on Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture and Natural Resource Management in Southeast Asia (KC3)

Southeast Asia

Published on 22 June 2017
Sudden and Unexpected For years, China’s seemingly insatiable demand for coal kept prices high. China, along with India, was a rapidly growing country with huge demand for energy, and coal was the cheapest, time-tested way to provide electricity. It was, after all, coal that fueled the industrialization of Europe and North America; coal was reliable, and, at the time, cheap and plentiful. China, Indonesia, Australia…
Published on 22 June 2017
A report published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences this month confirms this observation by concluding that marine reserves are capable of mitigating and promoting climate change adaptation. At the same time, however, they stand extremely vulnerable to climate-induced sea warming. While most countries already put some marine protection measures in place, the management of shared marine environment, especially in contested areas…
Published on 22 June 2017
The researchers used statistical techniques to quantify the contributions from El Niño and from long-term warming. Their analysis looked at the 15 hottest April temperatures over the past 80 years. All of them occurred after 1980, and all of them but one coincided with El Niño. They found that while the impact of El Niño fluctuated over the years, the impact of global warming has…
Published on 21 June 2017
There are key national and subnational developments and let me name a few: In the Philippines, the Forest Management Bureau together with stakeholders is working towards the establishment of a National Working Group on Social Forestry and Climate Change and has initiated coordination with the Climate Change Commission for linking social forestry and NationalDetermined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement. It has also opened the…
Published on 21 June 2017
The net result is that these former carbon sinks, which have taken greenhouse gases out of the atmosphere, are now net carbon sources, instead accelerating the planet’s warming. The findings are described this week in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, in a paper by MIT Professor Charles Harvey, research scientist Alexander Cobb, and seven others at MIT and other institutions. “There…
Published on 10 June 2017
Lione Clare has created a climate change presentation entitled, Vulnerable Vietnam: A Photo Story Focused on Climate Change in the Mekong Delta. She gave the show at the Sitka Public Library on June 1, the same day President Trump withdrew the United States from the Paris Accord. Clare studies Resource Conservation, Climate Change Studies, and Media Arts at the University of Montana. For the last…
Published on 9 January 2017
The Paris Agreement is a global deal aimed at limiting the negative impact of climate change. The implications for Southeast Asia’s forests were explained to senior officials of member states at an Experts Dialogue on Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in ASEAN held in Bali, Indonesia, 30 November 2016 by Grace Wong of the Center for International Forestry Research. The Dialogue was supported by Gesellschaft…
Published on 15 November 2016
The concept has been introduced with a more sophisticated political approach, through a new initiative called the Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture. In a new twist, the Global Alliance provides for new ways of green washing “climate-smart” industrial agriculture, with the active involvement of private corporations such as Syngenta, Yara, Kellogg’s and McDonald’s. The scheme may let agriculture remain a parking lot for poor farmers…
Published on 14 September 2016
“It’s critical that the donor community pursues and increases its support for the needs of the Pacific,” he said. SPC has a large portfolio of climate change and disaster risk management projects in the Pacific region and collaborates closely with the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) and the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS). While in Hawai’i, Dr Tukuitonga will also have the…
Published on 13 September 2016
Overall, landfalling Asian typhoon intensity has increased by about 12 percent in nearly four decades. But the change is most noticeable for storms with winds of 209 kilometers per hour or more (130 mph), those in categories 4 and 5. Since 1977, they've gone from a once-a-year occurrence to four times a year, according to a study Monday in the journal Nature Geoscience. These…
Published on 13 September 2016
The new edition of the Asian Water Development Outlook (AWDO 2016) released today at World Water Week in Stockholm provides a snapshot of the water security status of 48 of the region’s countries, using latest data sets. According to these, the number of countries assessed as water insecure has dropped to 29, compared to 38 (out of 49 countries) identified in the previous issue of…
Published on 16 August 2016
U Khin Maung Yi, the permanent secretary of Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation of Myanmar reaffirmed that Asean Vision 2025 calls for clean and green Asean to achieve sustainable development by ensuring protection of the region’s environment during the 27th Meeting of Asean Senior Officials on Environment (ASOEN) in Nay Pyi Taw on August 1. Participants from all Asean Member States attended the…
Published on 9 February 2016
Clean energy development and inclusive growth policies should be part of the environmental fiscal reform in the region, Venkatachalam Anbumozhi and Han Phoumin said in a discussion paper published by Economic Research Institute for Asean and East Asia (ERIA). “Integrated energy, fiscal, educational, skill enhancement and social development policy actions can help to tackle these challenges in either short or medium term,” the authors…
Published on 1 February 2016
According to the model, the region will be generally 2-4 degrees Celsius warmer by 2060 and continue to heat up around 3-5 degrees Celsius until 2100. The strongest warming will occur in mainland Southeast Asia. Extreme rainfall events will occur in the northern part of the region, which covers northern Vietnam, Laos, parts of Thailand and northern Philippines. From June to August…
Published on 11 January 2016
Economic losses under the 'business-as-usual' emissions scenario could be 60 percent higher than previously estimated, and this could reduce the region's gross domestic product by up to 11 percent per year by 2100, the ADB said in an analysis updating a 2009 report that estimated a 7-percent annual reduction in combined economic output due to climate change. "The economic costs of not…
Published on 11 January 2016
As temperatures warm and drought periods grow longer and more severe over the next 50 years, the water levels in rivers and lakes are expected to fall. For 98 percent of the world’s power plants, that’s a problem that could result in a 30 percent decrease in electricity production in some months at most power stations. Natural water flow is needed to generate energy…
Published on 4 January 2016
Early warning systems have improved. That the current El Niño would be one of the strongest was suspected by early last year and confirmed by August. In mainland Southeast Asia, a rainfall deficit led to farmers being warned of a water shortage in the coming dry season. El Niño-triggered events can sometimes be welcome: rain and snow in California have broken a 10-year drought…
Published on 21 December 2015
What are the current prospects for these small island developing states and for the small island communities in larger developing countries in South-East Asia, such as Indonesia or the Philippines’ tens of thousands of islands? The Paris agreement notes that countries must consider “the right to development…and the rights of people in vulnerable situations”, as well as make an explicit link to goal…
Published on 24 November 2015
And in Ethiopia, crops perish for lack of seasonal rain as United Nations officials warn of imminent famine. Although many Californians hope forecasts of a "Godzilla" El Niño will deliver drought-busting rains this winter, mention of the mysterious climate phenomenon inspires dread in much of the world. Its long-distance, or teleconnected, effects are so great that some researchers argue it doubles the risk of…
Published on 16 November 2015
Sadly, many of these fires were started deliberately. Every year fires are lit in order to clear land for plantation. This method of clearance is called ‘slash and burn’. It’s the easiest and quickest way to clear land, but it produces a vast amount of smoke. Although it’s illegal in Indonesia, its use is widespread. This year the fires have been worse than usual…
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