Welcome to SEARCA Knowledge Center on Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture and Natural Resource Management in Southeast Asia (KC3)

Southeast Asia

Published on 9 February 2016
Clean energy development and inclusive growth policies should be part of the environmental fiscal reform in the region, Venkatachalam Anbumozhi and Han Phoumin said in a discussion paper published by Economic Research Institute for Asean and East Asia (ERIA). “Integrated energy, fiscal, educational, skill enhancement and social development policy actions can help to tackle these challenges in either short or medium term,” the authors…
Published on 1 February 2016
According to the model, the region will be generally 2-4 degrees Celsius warmer by 2060 and continue to heat up around 3-5 degrees Celsius until 2100. The strongest warming will occur in mainland Southeast Asia. Extreme rainfall events will occur in the northern part of the region, which covers northern Vietnam, Laos, parts of Thailand and northern Philippines. From June to August…
Published on 11 January 2016
Economic losses under the 'business-as-usual' emissions scenario could be 60 percent higher than previously estimated, and this could reduce the region's gross domestic product by up to 11 percent per year by 2100, the ADB said in an analysis updating a 2009 report that estimated a 7-percent annual reduction in combined economic output due to climate change. "The economic costs of not…
Published on 11 January 2016
As temperatures warm and drought periods grow longer and more severe over the next 50 years, the water levels in rivers and lakes are expected to fall. For 98 percent of the world’s power plants, that’s a problem that could result in a 30 percent decrease in electricity production in some months at most power stations. Natural water flow is needed to generate energy…
Published on 4 January 2016
Early warning systems have improved. That the current El Niño would be one of the strongest was suspected by early last year and confirmed by August. In mainland Southeast Asia, a rainfall deficit led to farmers being warned of a water shortage in the coming dry season. El Niño-triggered events can sometimes be welcome: rain and snow in California have broken a 10-year drought…
Published on 21 December 2015
What are the current prospects for these small island developing states and for the small island communities in larger developing countries in South-East Asia, such as Indonesia or the Philippines’ tens of thousands of islands? The Paris agreement notes that countries must consider “the right to development…and the rights of people in vulnerable situations”, as well as make an explicit link to goal…
Published on 24 November 2015
And in Ethiopia, crops perish for lack of seasonal rain as United Nations officials warn of imminent famine. Although many Californians hope forecasts of a "Godzilla" El Niño will deliver drought-busting rains this winter, mention of the mysterious climate phenomenon inspires dread in much of the world. Its long-distance, or teleconnected, effects are so great that some researchers argue it doubles the risk of…
Published on 16 November 2015
Sadly, many of these fires were started deliberately. Every year fires are lit in order to clear land for plantation. This method of clearance is called ‘slash and burn’. It’s the easiest and quickest way to clear land, but it produces a vast amount of smoke. Although it’s illegal in Indonesia, its use is widespread. This year the fires have been worse than usual…
Published on 16 November 2015
The report – ‘Shock Waves: Managing the Impacts of Climate Change on Poverty’ – explains that the world must continue pushing hard with its poverty reduction and development work, while at the same time taking into account a changing climate. People need help in being able to cope with climate shocks. They need flood protection, early-warning systems, and heat-resistant crops, the authors say. At the…
Published on 9 November 2015
“Reports that the fires are emitting as much carbon into the atmosphere in a day as some countries are in a year reflects the global ramifications of this disaster. Locally, one-third of the endangered wild orangutans on Borneo are threatened by the fires, and biodiversity hotspots such as the Leuser Ecosystem in Sumatra are under extreme threat. “While the fires this year are particularly…
Published on 9 November 2015
Measures to reduce carbon emissions, such as shifting to renewable energy, may be costly and difficult to implement, but businesses must do so urgently because climate change is already threatening their profits and operations, said sustainability experts on Tuesday. Japanese carmaker Honda for example lost US$250 million in 2011 when floods destroyed its car assembly plants in Thailand. Profits of Re-insurer Munich Re declined…
Published on 12 October 2015
“This will require a combination of conserving and managing existing resources more effectively, tapping science to grow food from less land, and drawing in investment to meet growing food demand,” said Mahfuz Ahmed, Asian Development Bank (ADB) Technical Adviser for Rural Development and Food Security. Climate change is a major food security challenge in Asia with more than 60% of the population, or 2.2…
Published on 12 October 2015
It pointedly held its inaugural meeting just ahead of a gathering of G-20 finance ministers in the Peruvian capital of Lima, where economic policymakers from around the world are gathered this week for the annual meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. "We are low- and middle-income, least developed, arid, isthmus, landlocked, mountainous and small-island developing countries," the group said in…
Published on 5 October 2015
Among the masses of marine flora and fauna in the system are six of the world’s seven sea turtle species. Sea turtles are among the marine creatures most endangered due to human activity. The destruction of their breeding grounds and their vulnerability to ocean pollution has helped make sea turtles a high-profile symbol for waste reduction and conservation. Spread over six million square…
Published on 7 September 2015
New hotspots are appearing in Southeast Asia’s Mekong Basin, South America’s Gran Chaco region and Madagascar, high-resolution satellite mapping released by Global Forest Watch shows. The world lost more than 18 million hectares of forest in 2014, an area twice the size of Portugal. Over 2012-14, the three-year average was the worst since records began in 2001, in a troubling trend as rates reverse…
Published on 7 September 2015
In particular, the initiative aims to help countries make improvements in medium- to long-term planning and budgeting processes. Under the four-year initiative, countries will receive various types of support. FAO will offer policy advice and technical support to ensure that climate change adaptation priorities in the agriculture, forestry, and fisheries sectors are incorporated in this planning process. UNDP will engage with countries in managing…
Published on 11 August 2015
“This is because most of the population and economic activity is concentrated along coastlines, is heavily reliant on agriculture, and has a high dependence on natural resources and forestry,” Peter King, senior policy advisor of the Japan-based Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, said on Monday at a forum in Vientiane, Laos. “And high levels of poverty would make people more vulnerable,” he said. King…
Published on 3 August 2015
Most climate scientists have recognized that greenhouse gases, of which CO2 is part, contribute to global warming. The Paris event, which saw hundreds of scientists gather to discuss possible solutions to stem the effects of climate change, comes months before the UN Conference on Climate Change at year-end. Several Asian countries have already submitted their voluntary targets to the UN, including Japan, Singapore and…
Published on 29 July 2015
Speaking at the World Engineers Summit on Climate Change 2015 last Wednesday, Dr. Arab Hoballah, chief of the sustainable consumption and production branch, division of technology, industry and economics at the United Nations Environment Programme, said that cities today are still not climate-resilient because they do not have the “boing” factor – a term first coined by Neil McInroy and Sarah Longlands in their…
Published on 23 July 2015
By hurting the poor most, climate change now threatens to unravel those efforts, and even put them in reverse. A report last month for the Asian Development Bank (ADB), To Foster Inclusive Growth, Tackle Inequality and Climate Change, found that the poor were hit first and hardest when natural disasters strike. By living on the edge, physically and financially, they have the least capacity…
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