Early warning systems have improved. That the current El Niño would be one of the strongest was suspected by early last year and confirmed by August. In mainland Southeast Asia, a rainfall deficit led to farmers being warned of a water shortage in the coming dry season.
El Niño-triggered events can sometimes be welcome: rain and snow in California have broken a 10-year drought. Even hard times can have a silver lining for some - low sugar prices are rebounding as supply decreases, with El Niño denting sugar cane crop yields. Yet higher sugar prices are no comfort to the thousands forced to flee their homes as flood waters rise, as in recent weeks in South America.
In 1997-98, the strongest El Niño on record until then led to the deaths of 23,000 people from natural disasters, increased poverty rates by 15 per cent in some countries, and cost governments up to
US$45 billion (S$64 billion) due to severe storms, droughts and other effects, says the World Bank.
The erratic weather triggered by El Niño exacerbates vulnerabilities and exposes poor management of resources. These are critical as climate change can intensify the effects of periodic events like El Niño, turning adversity into disaster.
An El Niño year is a foretaste of the reality of a warming planet, with lessons learnt useful for worse to come as global warming poses an epochal challenge to our species.
Source: Straits Times | 04 January 2016