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The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) has released two datasets on climate change adaptation in the Ethiopian Nile Basin and in the South African Limpopo Basin.

The datasets are based on household surveys as part of the Food and Water Security under Global Change Project, which focuses on developing adaptive capacity in rural Africa. The South African dataset represents 794 households from 19 districts across four South African provinces and was designed to capture the diverse agricultural patterns in the basin. The Ethiopian dataset ensured representation for the districts in the Nile River Basin, reflecting the different rainfall patterns, agro-ecological zones in the basins, vulnerability of food production and levels of irrigation use. IFPRI is a member of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).

[Press Release on the Datasets] [Ethiopian Dataset] [South African Dataset]

 

Source: Climate L | 28 October 2010

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WELLINGTON -- Pacific island fisheries face collapse in the next 25 years as overfishing, population growth and climate change threaten one of the region’s main economic resources, a study warned Wednesday.

The report, published by the Noumea-based Secretariat of the Pacific Community, said the $2-billion-a-year industry was poorly managed, with a lack of coordination among the 22 island nations in the region.

It warned some types of tuna were already being dangerously overexploited and the problem would spread to other species as foreign fleets clamored for access to rich fishing grounds amid a global fall in fish stocks.

Read more: Study shows Pacific fisheries may face collapse by 2035

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Singapore, October 28 – Regulatory hurdles remain the most visible challenge for the carbon trading industry and the pace of certifying these projects is too slow, say carbon industry experts.

The process of developing carbon credit projects have become so bureaucratic that it may hinder the growth of the carbon industry, and policy reform is urgently needed to address the issues, they added.

Carbon credit projects are certified and audited by the United Nations under its Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) scheme which enables the project to generate carbon credits to sell on carbon markets.

Read more: CDM scheme needs urgent reform

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After a slight dip last year, climate change is again one of the top three world concerns on a global survey of consumer attitudes conducted by HSBC (NYSE: HBC).

As with previous years, the Climate Confidence Monitor, found that emerging economies are the most concerned about climate change and are doing more to reduce their personal carbon footprint. They are also more confident than the developed markets that those who should be tackling climate change are doing so, and more optimistic that we will be able to stop climate change.

Read more: Climate Change Returns To List of Top 3 World Concerns

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Sea level rise, worsening flooding and land subsidence in and around Jakarta have prompted Indonesian officials to resurrect plans to move the country’s capital - but local residents and experts say Jakarta itself will not survive unless it adapts to cope with climate change.

Plans to relocate Indonesia’s central government, parliament and public offices to another province on the island of Java or to another island in the Indonesian archipelago have been proposed on and off since the 1930s because of problems in Jakarta including overcrowding and rising sea level, which has led to worsening flooding.

But environmental experts now say a move is urgent to allow officials to soften the impact of climate change on the congested city of 9.6 million people.

Read more: Need to move Indonesia's capital growing urgent in face of climate change, experts say

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Where is an urgent countermeasure when the world needs one? Nature hadn't been easy on Asia. Super typhoon mega megi is approaching Hong Kong from Philippines, Pakistan just this year greatly suffered from both Hunza Lake disaster and floods, and more than 600,000 people were displaced by tropical Cyclone Ketsana in the Philippines on 26 September 2009. But what are we to worry when we have way more than twelve Olympians to put heads together?

Vanguards of the disaster risk reduction gathered at the 4th Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction at Songdo ConvensiA from October 25-28.

(From left) Representatives from Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, and Samoa(From left) Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, and Samoa

Dr. Park Yeon-soo, administrator of the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) welcomed the guests and said, "This Asian Ministeral Conference is a conference co-hosted by the United Nations, City of Incheon, and NEMA in order to discuss the mutual cooperation method and unified resolution for the disaster issues, such as heavy rain and catastrophic typhoon caused by the climate change, with the Ministers of disaster management departments in Asia-Pacific region, UN agencies, NGOs, and so on. We are here to pursue safer future by suggesting 'Regional Roadmap and Action Plan for DRR through CCA' in Asia-Pacific region." 

Read more: 4th AMCDRR, What Do We Do When the Nature Goes Hard on Us?

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Indian researchers say that the food industry generates a lot of waste products, but one of these, eggshells, could help combat climate change.

Basab Chaudhuri of the University of Calcutta and colleagues have shown that the membrane that lines an eggshell can absorb almost seven times its own weight of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

Read more: Eggshells could help combat climate change, say Indian scientists

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An international expert on nature preservation has called for a bigger role for women in discussing climate change, as they are more vulnerable to its impacts.

“Why are women, particularly poor women, disproportionately vulnerable to climate change? It’s because many women live in conditions of social exclusion,” Lorena Aguilar told The Korea Herald as she prepared for the Global Women Capital Forum in Seoul.

Aguilar currently serves as a Global Senior Gender Advisor of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. She has dedicated more than two and half decades of efforts toward sustainable and equitable human development incorporating social and gender issues into the use and conservation of natural resources.

Read more: Women’s role in climate issues emphasized

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Asia’s search for ways to feed over one billion new mouths in the next 40 years is prompting experts to call for renewed faith in its wide network of irrigation systems in order to ensure adequate food production.

This push by agriculture and water experts comes at a time when concern about the region’s irrigation systems have steadily entered discussions about the impact of climate change on food security. 

Rain-fed agriculture is more vulnerable to erratic weather patterns, so that the use of irrigation systems is viewed as being more dependable to farmers across the rice bowls of South Asia, South-east Asia and East Asia. 

Read more: Irrigation Systems Deserve a Second Look, Say Experts

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A GREATER portion of Cambodia’s population is vulnerable to flooding than that of any other country in the Asia-Pacific region, according to a report assessing the impact of disasters. 

The Asia-Pacific Disaster Report 2010, released yesterday at a conference in South Korea by the United Nations, cites databases indicating that 12.2 percent of Cambodia’s population is exposed to flooding, followed closely by Bangladesh with 12.1 percent. Vietnam was third with 3.9 percent. 

In absolute terms, Cambodia was the fifth-most-affected country, with 1.7 million residents exposed to flooding. Bangladesh topped this list with 19.2 million, followed by India (15.8 million), China (3.9 million) and Vietnam (3.4 million).

The release of the report came as Cambodian officials said 17,648 families faced food shortages as a result of flooding that began on October 10. 

Also yesterday, Association of Southeast Asian Nations Secretary General Surin Pitsuwan said the issues of disaster management and climate change would be “highest on the agenda of ASEAN” as leaders from the 10-member bloc prepared to meet in Hanoi this week.

Read more: Flood danger stressed

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