YANGON - Between 2008 and 2013, when Myanmar remained largely closed off to the rest of the world, it suffered a terrible toll at the hands of nature that remained largely unknown.

In those five years, the country of 60 million suffered at least eight major natural calamites that killed more than 141,000 people and affected 3.2 million. The worst of these was Cyclone Nargis in May 2008 that killed more than 130,000 and affected 2.4 million.

Read more: Myanmar wakes up to climate change


Myanmar and Norway have sought cooperation in environmental conservation sector as part of their bilateral cooperation, initiating a letter of intent on the move in its latest development.

The Letter of Intent between Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry of Myanmar and Ministry of Climate and Environment of Norway covers undertakings on preservation of biodiversity and forests in Myanmar, water resources preservation and water resources administration in Sittoung and Bago river basins, development of world-famous tourist site of Inlay Lake in Shan state and betterment of social economy of ethnic minorities residing around the lake.

Read more: Myanmar, Norway initiate cooperation in environmental conservation


A woman receives a water ration for her family during a severe drought in Thone Gwa township in the Yangon region of Burma/Myanmar on July 9, 2012. Image: Kaung Htet/ICIMOD/UN

Myanmar’s central “dry zone”, home to a quarter of its 58 million people, is falling short on food production, pushing local people into hunger, malnutrition and debt.

Read more: Myanmar dry zone shows clear climate change impacts


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