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Indonesia

Indonesia is preparing strategies to face climate change conference in Bonn. (Skala)

JAKARTA - The Government of Indonesia through the Directorate General of Climate Change Control starts preparing a strategy for the implementation of the Conference of The Parties (COP)-23 of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Bonn, Germany, November 6-17, 2017.

Read more: Strategies of Indonesia Concerning Climate Change in Bonn COP Meeting

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Much of Indonesia’s cultivable land falls within mining and exploration concessions.

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  • Analyzing government spatial planning maps, researchers for the Waterkeeper Alliance and the Mining Advocacy Network found that 19 percent of Indonesia's rice-growing land falls within exploration or mining concessions for coal.
  • The study calculated that coal mining already costs the country 1.7 million tons of potential rice production, and another 6 million tons of current production are under threat.
  • Loss of agricultural productivity is due to land-use change and contamination of water used for irrigation.

Read more: Coal undermines Indonesia’s food production: report

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mahasiswa-ipb-ciptakan-alat-untuk-peringatan-dini-bencana-alam-fenomena-kelautan-sebagai-pendukung-pengambilan-kebijakan-terkait-kelautan-newsThe sea is the estuary of all the earth's rivers,  that’s why oceans are the largest water bodies on the planet Earth. Over the last few decades, surplus human activities have severely affected the marine life on the Earth’s oceans. In the past, communities around the world used the ocean for waste disposal, including the disposal of chemical and industrial wastes, radioactive wastes, trash, munitions, sewage sludge, and contaminated dredged material. Wastes were frequently dumped in coastal and ocean waters based on the assumption that marine waters had an unlimited capacity to mix and disperse wastes. Ocean pollution, also known as marine pollution, is the spreading of harmful substances such as oil, plastic, industrial and agricultural waste and chemical particles into the ocean. Increased sedimentation and the flow of nutrients and pesticides into the ecosystem affect inshore areas, causing higher algal growth, build-up of pollutants in sediments and marine species, and reduced light and smothered corals. Declines in coastal water quality have resulted in detrimental impacts on the productivity and function of tropical marine ecosystems, and ultimately on their resilience. Cumulative effect and the timing of exposure to pollutants can magnify the impacts of catchment run-off.  In order to safeguard the future of our tropical marine ecosystems, steps must be taken to prevent it from happening as a marine investment for the future.   

With reference to such situation, real-time water conditions data in Indonesia are really required. Accordingly, a group of students of the Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences of Bogor Agricultural University (FPIK IPB), proposed funding support from Kelompok Program Kreativitas Mahasiswa bidang Karsa Cipta (PKM-KC Student Creativity Program for Karsa Cipta),  to implement their research program to design a real-time observation tool. The tool is called Economic Real Time Conductivity and Temperature Sensor (“ER-Contem”) initiated by Agung Tri Nugroho with his team namely Slamet Riyanto, Imam Syafi'i, and M. Sanubari. “ER-Contem” will retrieve data related to the temperature and salinity of the waters where the monitoring tool is located. The tool is very unique, as the observation data can be accessed and utilized directly through the webite by users.

Read more: A Group of Students of IPB Created “ER-Contem” as a Tool for Early Warning system for Natural...

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