International trade in food relies on a small number of key ports, straits and roads, which face increasing risks of disruption due to climate change, a report said.

Disruptions caused by weather, conflict or politics at one of those so-called "chokepoints" could limit food supplies and push up prices, the study by British think-tank Chatham House warned. 

Workers unload imported rice from Vietnam from a ship at Tanjung Priork port in Jorth Jakarta, Indonesia, December 15, 2015.  Credit: REUTERS/Darren Whiteside

Read more: Climate Change Could Disrupt Food ‘Chokepoints’


Indonesia is known to be one of the largest archipelagic nation in the world with over 17,000 islands but coastal areas have been threatened by rising sea levels with a majority of the small islands only one meter above sea level, and deforestation, reclamation and climate change continue to take place. At the coasts of Java island, over 250 households were displaced at Bedono village in Demak due to erosion over the past 20 years, and the ocean engulfs the fishing village. Villagers in Bedono witnessed the disappearance of mangrove forests and fishponds and households are cut off from land as bridges sink below sea level forcing the residents to get around by boat. According to reports, it's predicted that at least 2,000 islands could be lost by the year 2030 due to rising sea levels while 52 percent of Indonesia's 3.49 million hectares of mangrove forests are damaged, with a decline of about 200,000 hectares each year, based on the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. 

(Photos: Getty Images)

Villagers pray at the cemetery that is surrounded by rising sea levels at Bedono village

Read more: Climate change: Shocking pictures of sea engulfing Indonesian coastline


Copyright: Panos

  • Aquaculture has proved to be the worst enemy of mangroves worldwide
  • Mangroves provide livelihoods, protect coastlines against storms and sea-level rise
  • Sustainable aquaculture along with mangrove conservation may be a solution

Read more: Aquaculture is main driver of mangrove losses


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