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Indonesia

Coffee lovers beware. Climate change is threatening supplies of high-quality beans with one Japanese coffee house hunting for the perfect bean to withstand the warmer conditions.

Tokyo’s Key Coffee Inc. is testing 35 varieties of Arabica trees in Indonesia in collaboration with World Coffee Research of Oregon and the Indonesian Coffee and Cocoa Research Institute. About half of the varieties planted two years ago may be suitable to grow in the highlands of Sulawesi where the company runs its own farm.

“The threat from climate change is real on our farm,” Masataka Nakano, deputy general manager of the roaster’s marketing division, said in an interview in Tokyo. “As the difference between the rainy and dry seasons is becoming unclear, and the amount of rain is getting unstable, our crops are vulnerable to damage.”

Global coffee consumption is forecast to expand 2 percent a year through to 2050 and production needs to double to keep pace, according to World Coffee Research. Yet areas fit for Arabica production may halve by 2050, according to the research body. Arabica beans are favored for their better aroma and flavor, while beans from higher-yielding and more disease-resistant robusta trees are mainly used for instant coffee.

Arabica is forecast to account for almost 60 percent of global coffee production in the current marketing year, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Read more: Climate Change Threat Sends Coffee Roaster on Bean Hunt

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Indonesian President's Special Envoy on Climate Change, Professor Rachmat Witoelar, delivered a keynote speech at the launch of the Indonesia-Australia collaborative program on climate change before academicians of Griffith University in Brisbane on June 11, 2018. (Libertina W.A)

Griffith University Rector Professor, Ian O'Connor, and Indonesian President's Special Envoy on Climate Change, Professor Rachmat Witoelar, launched a collaborative program on climate change on Monday (June 11) at Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.

Read more: Indonesia, Australia launch collaborative program on climate change

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Mangroves in Jaring Halus, North Sumatra. CIFOR/Mokhamad Edliadi

BONN, Germany (Landscape News) — Mangrove ecosystems, recognized for their capacity to store large amounts of carbon and protect shoreline erosions from rigorous ocean activity, also provide a buffer by capturing sediment high in organic carbon that can accumulate in tandem with sea level rise, according to new research.

Read more: Fact File: How mangroves contribute to climate change mitigation in Indonesia

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