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Indonesia

Environmentalists fear it could put one of Borneo’s last best coastal peat swamp forests at risk.
A Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus). The ape is listed as Critically Endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List. Photo by Rhett A. Butler/Mongabay.
  • West Kalimantan Governor Cornelis asked President Joko Widodo to let some timber plantation companies drain peatlands, even though Jakarta banned the practice last year.
  • In a letter to the president dated Apr. 25, Cornelis makes an economic argument for allowing the companies to proceed as usual.
  • Cornelis is a member of an international consortium of governors dedicated to fighting climate change; Greenpeace said his request to the president amounted to a "double standard."
  • His request came just days after Jakarta sanctioned a timber firm in his province for building an illegal canal through the Sungai Putri peat swamp forest.

The West Kalimantan governor wants to exempt timber firms in the Indonesian province from a national ban on peatland drainage, drawing the ire of green groups who say such a policy shift could spell the end of one of the Bornean orangutan’s last strongholds, the Sungai Putri rainforest.

Governor Cornelis, who like many Indonesians goes by one name, outlined his request in a letter to the president dated Apr. 25 — days after the Ministry of Environment and Forestry sanctioned a plantation firm for building an illegal drainage canal through Sungai Putri.

“Companies will lose confidence to invest in the forestry sector,” Cornelis wrote to President Joko Widodo, popularly known as Jokowi. An exemption was needed, he argued, “in order to maintain a conducive and comfortable investment climate.”

Jokowi introduced the ban in the wake of the devastating 2015 forest and land fires, which burned an area the size of Vermont and sickened half a million people. The country’s vast peat swamp zones have been widely drained and dried for agriculture, rendering them highly flammable and prone to emitting huge amounts of greenhouse gases.

Reports of timber firm PT Mohairson Pawan Khatulistiwa (MPK)’s activities in Sungai Putri, one of the last best coastal peat swamp forests on the island of Borneo, began to emerge last year. In March, the environment ministry visited the area; on Apr. 21, it ordered the company to stop operating and close the canal, which then stretched 8.1 kilometers long.

Rosa Vivien Ratnawati, a member of the ministry’s law enforcement team, said that if the company did not obey the ministry’s instructions, its permit could be frozen or revoked. The ministry would also consider a lawsuit, she said.

Read more: Indonesian governor asks president to let timber firms drain peat in his province

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Local city officials at our Urban Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience Training Course in Ternate, Indonesia. Photo credit: Keith Bettinger, USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific

Planning is underway for one of USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific’s flagship capacity building programs, the Urban Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience (UCCAR) Training Course, to be incorporated and absorbed into the curriculum of Khairun University in Ternate, Indonesia.

Read more: Localizing USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific's urban training in Ternate, Indonesia

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A water bomber dropping its payload as a police officer tries to extinguish a peat fire in Kampar, Riau province, in Sumatra in August. The reduction in fires this year must be credited to not only wetter weather, but also the political will and concerted efforts of the government of President Joko Widodo. PHOTO: REUTERS

United States President-elect Donald Trump may have labelled climate change a hoax, but that has not stalled the momentum behind last month’s United Nations’ Climate Change Conference in Marrakech, Morocco.

Read more: How Indonesia is stepping up fight against climate change

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