Fires burn across Indonesia. Photo: www.globalforestwatch.org.The United Nation's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change estimated in 2011 that carbon dioxide emissions had to be limited to 1000 gigatons in order to have a two-thirds chance of keeping global warming below 2°C.

Read more: Indonesia's fires are a corporate crime


The smoke caused by forest fires in Indonesia has caused a thick density of smog as far as Phuket in Thailand. Image: Panya Kuanun / Shutterstock.com

Indonesia's carbon bomb goes off, with emissions from peat fires reaching their highest levels in 1997-1998. According to the Global Fire Emissions Database, carbon emissions from Indonesia's fires have just topped the CO2 equivalent of a billion tons.

Read more: Carbon emissions from Indonesia’s peat fires exceed emissions from entire US economy


An Indonesian soldier drags a hose while fighting a peatland fire in Ogan Ilir, South Sumatra province on the island of Sumatra.PHOTO: REUTERS

Indonesia is on track to become the world's third-largest greenhouse gas polluter this year, surpassing India, as raging forest and land fires pump out huge volumes of carbon dioxide and thick smoke.

Read more: Indonesia set to be world's No. 3 air polluter


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