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Indonesia

TEGALEGA, 15 November 2010 (IRIN) - Indonesian farmers, who account for 57 percent of the country’s poor, are increasingly struggling to deal with the impacts of climate change, as the longer rainy season leads to poorer yields and a shorter harvest.

“Normally one hectare would produce 6MT, now it produces only 2.5MT,” says Ujang Majudin of his rice crop. 

Majudin heads a farmers’ cooperative on the island of Java with more than 300 members. But with such bad weather this year, it is struggling. 

“Almost all the crops are destroyed, so production is very low and the price I have to pay for the vegetables is very high,” Majudin says, pointing at the piles of rotting vegetables in his storage shed. 

Read more: Farmers lament the impact of La Niña

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Scientists have criticized the government for failing to prepare farmers to adapt to the effects of climate change, which could have a major impact on the country’s food security. 

Unseasonal rains are expected to wreak havoc on the country’s rice, cocoa, rubber and palm oil production this year. 

Dewa Ngurah Suprapta, president of the International Society for Southeast Asian Agricultural Sciences, said on Monday that funding for research into the issue had been woeful.

Read more: Farmers Seen Left Out in the Cold on Climate Change

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The Jakarta Futures Exchange is studying the possibility of setting up its own carbon trading futures which would be a key move to develop the country's carbon trading market, an exchange executive said on Wednesday.

There is no carbon trading market in Indonesia now, although there are several projects to earn carbon offsets under the U.N.'s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) scheme.

Read more: Indonesia's JFX eyes carbon trading futures

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