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Indonesia

All eyes are on Indonesia and its forest policy as climate- change negotiations continue in the upcoming global talks in Mexico, against the prospect of billions of dollars flowing from the planet’s major polluters to the developing world to slow global warming.

The forests in South-east Asia’s largest country will be among those coming under scrutiny during Nov. 29 to Dec. 10, 2010 climate change meetings in the Mexican resort city of Cancun, environmentalists say. These meetings are the 16th Conference of the Parties to the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change and the 6th conference of the parties to the Kyoto Protocol. 

The potential windfall of incoming funds for countries in the Global South stems from discussions between climate change negotiators under a scheme known as Reducing Emissions from Deforestations and Forest Degradation (REDD), which opens the door for market-friendly financial mechanisms to be used to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. 

Read more: Indonesia’s Forests Loom As Green Gold

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TEGALEGA, 15 November 2010 (IRIN) - Indonesian farmers, who account for 57 percent of the country’s poor, are increasingly struggling to deal with the impacts of climate change, as the longer rainy season leads to poorer yields and a shorter harvest.

“Normally one hectare would produce 6MT, now it produces only 2.5MT,” says Ujang Majudin of his rice crop. 

Majudin heads a farmers’ cooperative on the island of Java with more than 300 members. But with such bad weather this year, it is struggling. 

“Almost all the crops are destroyed, so production is very low and the price I have to pay for the vegetables is very high,” Majudin says, pointing at the piles of rotting vegetables in his storage shed. 

Read more: Farmers lament the impact of La Niña

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Scientists have criticized the government for failing to prepare farmers to adapt to the effects of climate change, which could have a major impact on the country’s food security. 

Unseasonal rains are expected to wreak havoc on the country’s rice, cocoa, rubber and palm oil production this year. 

Dewa Ngurah Suprapta, president of the International Society for Southeast Asian Agricultural Sciences, said on Monday that funding for research into the issue had been woeful.

Read more: Farmers Seen Left Out in the Cold on Climate Change

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