• Central Kalimantan to trial forest carbon programmes
  • Aim is to build-up steps that cut CO2 by saving forests
  • Province to roll out transparent auditing for CO2 cuts


JAKARTA/SINGAPORE, Dec 30 (Reuters) - Indonesia has chosen once of its largest and richest provinces to test efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by saving forest and peatlands, a key part of a $1 billion climate deal with Norway.

Central Kalimantan province on Borneo island is the second largest producer of greenhouse gases among Indonesia's 33 provinces because of deforestation, destruction of carbon-rich peat swamps, and land use change, the government says.

"The assessment showed that Central Kalimantan is a province with large forest cover and peatland and faces a real threat of deforestation," top technocrat Kuntoro Mangkusubroto, head of a special presidential delivery unit charged with managing the Norway deal, said in a statement on Thursday.

Read more: Indonesia chooses climate pact pilot province


All eyes are on Indonesia and its forest policy as climate- change negotiations continue in the upcoming global talks in Mexico, against the prospect of billions of dollars flowing from the planet’s major polluters to the developing world to slow global warming.

The forests in South-east Asia’s largest country will be among those coming under scrutiny during Nov. 29 to Dec. 10, 2010 climate change meetings in the Mexican resort city of Cancun, environmentalists say. These meetings are the 16th Conference of the Parties to the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change and the 6th conference of the parties to the Kyoto Protocol. 

The potential windfall of incoming funds for countries in the Global South stems from discussions between climate change negotiators under a scheme known as Reducing Emissions from Deforestations and Forest Degradation (REDD), which opens the door for market-friendly financial mechanisms to be used to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. 

Read more: Indonesia’s Forests Loom As Green Gold


TEGALEGA, 15 November 2010 (IRIN) - Indonesian farmers, who account for 57 percent of the country’s poor, are increasingly struggling to deal with the impacts of climate change, as the longer rainy season leads to poorer yields and a shorter harvest.

“Normally one hectare would produce 6MT, now it produces only 2.5MT,” says Ujang Majudin of his rice crop. 

Majudin heads a farmers’ cooperative on the island of Java with more than 300 members. But with such bad weather this year, it is struggling. 

“Almost all the crops are destroyed, so production is very low and the price I have to pay for the vegetables is very high,” Majudin says, pointing at the piles of rotting vegetables in his storage shed. 

Read more: Farmers lament the impact of La Niña


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