Knowledge Showcases

Knowledge Showcases

K-SHOWCASES contains experience notes, adaptation notes, technical reports, stories on good practices, and other SEARCA publications related to climate change adaptation in Southeast Asia.

337 Manlosa2016

45 pp. 
by Aisa O. Manlosa, Harold Glenn A. Valera 

ISSN:19086164 (Soft cover)


Click here to download. 


This study sought to determine microscale damage estimates of the largest flood event in the history of the municipality of Jabonga in the province of Agusan del Norte. Jabonga is a lakeside municipality adjacent to Lake Mainit, the fourth largest lake in the Philippines. The study sought to on  determine flood-prone areas in the municipality, characterize the flood event that occurred in the site from December 2010 to March 2011, estimate actual and potential damage for different flood scenarios, and determine variables that are significantly related to flood vulnerability and flood damage.

Read more: Socio-economic Approach to Microscale Flood Damage Assessment in a Lakeshore Community

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by Nguyen Thi Huyen

330 2016-2Background

Soil and water resources in the world are currently under severe pressure due to human intervention and the changing of runoff patterns caused by climate and land use changes. Population growth and human activities have accelerated the speed of land use change, that in turn  affect hydrological processes. In addition, climate change may affect many aspects of natural  ecosystems. Hence, understanding of impacts of climate change and land use change on hydrological  conditions is essential to enable more efficient soil and water resources development. In the same light, Srepok catchment, whichis situated in the Central Highlands of Vietnam, is presently being challenged by many critical  issues for soil and water resources management in the Srepok river basin (Government of Vietnam 2006). However, non-linear relationships, multiple causation, lack of mechanistic understanding, and lag effects, together, limit the ability to diagnose causes. As this information is important for land use planning and water resources management, it is necessary to quantify the extent to which land use change and climate variability influence the hydrological conditions.

Read more: Assessing the Impacts of Land Use and Climate Change on Soil and Water Resources in the Srepok...

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Agriculture and Development Notes on Climate Change Adaptation1
Vol. 7 No. 5 | David I. Gustafson2

ADNCCA 7-5The world’s food systems face an escalating challenge to meet accelerating demand for sustainably-produced, nutritious food in the face of multiple threats, including human population pressure, dwindling resources, and degraded ecosystems. About 1 billion people lack sufficient food and about 2 billion people suffer from a number of micronutrient deficiencies.

Paradoxically, more than 2 billion adults are overweight, of which 500 million are obese. These current challenges to food systems and nutrition security cast an even more ominous shadow into the future when they are considered in the context of intensifying climate change. The fifth assessment report from the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) highlighted the effects of climate change and water availability on crop yields; the results indicate largely negative impacts on food prices and food accessibility. The US Third National Climate Assessment report also emphasized food security threats due to climate change effects on food processing, storage, transportation, and retailing. Indeed, the US team that produced this national assessment took the unusual step of issuing a special report, prompted by recent extreme weather events (i.e., drought, wildfire, storms, and flooding).

Read more: Assessing Sustainable Nutrition Security: The Role of Food Systems

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Agriculture and Development Notes on Climate Change Adaptation1
Vol. 6 No. 2 | Majah Leah V. Ravago2, James A. Roumasset3, and Karl Jandoc4

The Philippines is the second on the list of nations which are prone to disasters, according to the 2014 World Risk Report of the United Nations University. The country is highly exposed to natural disasters such as volcanic eruptions, tropical cyclones, and floods.

This vulnerability is heightened by climate change as it affects weather patterns among other natural environmental occurrences. Projections from meteorologists showed that from 2020 to 2050, wet seasons will be wetter and the dry seasons will be drier. Eighteen to 20 typhoons are expected every year with flooding projected in different parts of the country.

Read more: Helping Farm Households Cope with Climate Change and Adverse Events

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Completion-Report-VIAA-Workshop-smallTwelve technical officers and two executives from the focal Climate Change offices of seven Southeast Asian countries completed the workshop on Vulnerability, Impact and Adaptation Assessment (VIAA) for Climate Change: Approaches, Methods and Tools on 10-12 July 2013 at Meliá Hanoi Hotel, Hanoi, Vietnam. The officials and technical staff come from Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam and belong to the Southeast Asian Network of Climate Change Offices (SEAN-CC) of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP).

Read more: Workshop on Vulnerability, Impact and Adaptation Assessment for Climate Change: Approaches,...

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Agriculture and Development Notes on Climate Change Adaptation1
Vol. 6 No. 1 | Remelyn I. de Ramos2

ADNCCA 2015 6 1 DeRamos FINAL resizedThe tool for understanding resilience of fisheries (VA-TURF) is a practical and cost-effective tool for assessing the climate change vulnerability of coastal fisheries in the tropics (Mamauag, Aliño, Martinez, Muallil, Doctor, Dizon, Geronimo, Panga, and Cabral 2013). Developed by local marine scientists at the Marine Science Institute of the University of the Philippines Diliman, VA-TURF aims to identify vulnerable fishing communities and demonstrates how to link vulnerability assessment results to climate change adaptation. The results are inputs to drafting of action plans towards reducing vulnerability.

Read more: Assessing Vulnerability of Coastal Fisheries in the Philippines to Climate Change Impacts: Tool...

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Agriculture and Development Notes on Climate Change Adaptation1
Vol. 5 No. 6 | Roberto Pedro C. Sandoval, Jr.2, Hideki Kanamaru3 and Jim Hancock4

ADNCCA 2015 5 6 Sandoval FINAL resizedAssessment, monitoring, and evaluation are integral parts of climate change adaptation (CCA) planning and implementation. Assessment activities contribute to defining indicators, baselines (situations at the beginning of the intervention), and baseline projections (without intervention). On the other hand, M&E activities set baselines, define indicators, measure progress, and evaluate successes and setbacks in adaptation interventions. Designing a Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) System is therefore challenging, particularly when deciding which indicator will match with a particular goal to measure project success.

Read more: Designing a Monitoring and Evaluation System for Climate Change Adaptation Planning and...

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APAN Tech4 smallClimate variability and weather fluctuations are important risk factors in crop production. They have caused reduced yields and significant reduction in crop production throughout Southeast Asia. As a risk management strategy, crop insurance has been promoted in risk-prone areas in the region to reduce the adverse impacts of climate hazards. However, crop insurance products have not been very popular among farmers and crop growers due to limited coverage amidst high premium as well as apparent subjectivity and bias in crop damage assessment. In recent years, weather index-based insurance (WIBI) products have been proposed to address climate risk more objectively. Issues involved in the implementation of WIBI crop insurance include the determination of appropriate indices in terms of threshold levels, estimation of risk of not meeting the thresholds, and paucity of adequate weather stations from which to gauge or base the threshold values.

Read more: Implementation Issues in Weather Index-based Insurance for Agricultural Production: A Philippine...

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Agricultural Innovation: Options for Appropriate Technologies in Responding to Climate Change
SEARCA-APAN Policy Brief

Agriculture is a key sector providing economic and social development in Southeast Asian countries, where a majority of the region’s population depend on agricultural production as a main source of household income. The implication of global environmental change has extended the agricultural agenda to respond to the drivers of climate change—in the context where agriculture is both a contributor to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and a possible mitigating factor through the adjustment of practices and the adoption of new technologies.

The role of agriculture in climate change is better appreciated in relation to the value agriculture contributes to the global economy. The 2010 World Development Report, drawing on analysis from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, calculates that agriculture directly accounts for 14 percent of global GHG emissions in CO2 equivalent and indirectly accounts for another 17 percent of emissions from land use and conversion for crops and pasture. In contrast, the contribution of agriculture to the global GDP at four percent suggests that worldwide agricultural activity is highly GHG intensive (Lybbert and Sumner 2010).

Read more: Agricultural Innovation: Options for Appropriate Technologies in Responding to Climate Change

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by Rex Victor O. Cruz

Any system that is robust or healthy can adapt to climate change. For a watershed to be resilient to climate change, it should thus be properly managed. The ecosystems and resources in the watershed must be conserved, the forests restored, and proper land uses implemented.

Hence, attaining sustainability and resilience in a watershed requires effective governance. Decision support systems should be in place, and policies should be effective. Moreover, there should be capable actors and players. Planning, implementation, and monitoring must likewise be improved.

Read more: Strategies for Attaining Sustainability and Resilience in Watersheds

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