Other Publications

Other Publications

SEARCA and its partner's publications related to climate change come in the forms of books, monographs, and discussion papers.

APAN Tech4 smallClimate variability and weather fluctuations are important risk factors in crop production. They have caused reduced yields and significant reduction in crop production throughout Southeast Asia. As a risk management strategy, crop insurance has been promoted in risk-prone areas in the region to reduce the adverse impacts of climate hazards. However, crop insurance products have not been very popular among farmers and crop growers due to limited coverage amidst high premium as well as apparent subjectivity and bias in crop damage assessment. In recent years, weather index-based insurance (WIBI) products have been proposed to address climate risk more objectively. Issues involved in the implementation of WIBI crop insurance include the determination of appropriate indices in terms of threshold levels, estimation of risk of not meeting the thresholds, and paucity of adequate weather stations from which to gauge or base the threshold values.

Read more: Implementation Issues in Weather Index-based Insurance for Agricultural Production: A Philippine...

Knowledge Showcases

Technical Report: Current Trends in Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture in Southeast Asia

The growing interest in adaptation engagements reflects policy development that calls for multilevel climate change adaptation. In Southeast Asia, several initiatives have been made particularly under the leadership of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). These include declarations to the 2007 Bali and 2009 Copenhagen UN Conferences on Climate Change and the ASEAN Declaration on Environmental Sustainability that calls for an ASEAN Climate Change Initiative. Southeast Asian countries are signatories to numerous policy instruments such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Kyoto Protocol with its Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessment reports, the Bali Road Map, and the Cancun Agreements, among many others. 

Read more: Technical Report: Current Trends in Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture in Southeast Asia

Knowledge Showcases

Faces of Vulnerability: Gender, Climate Change, and Disaster
by Maria Emilinda T. Mendoza 

The understanding of vulnerability both at the household and individual level, as well as the sectoral and community level, was enriched by the research on social vulnerability and gender under the project entitled “Building Capacity to Adapt to Climate Change in Southeast Asia.” The study was conducted in the province of Laguna in the Philippines with the aim of identifying who are vulnerable, and analyzing why they are vulnerable, and how they adapt to the risks of climate change and climatic hazards. The gender perspective in the research process was given emphasis. The study looked into how climate change-induced hazards affected men and women differentially, how they cope with these hazards, and in what household adaptation measures do women play important roles. Findings discussed in this publication came from data generated from a number of methods, including a barangay-level survey, focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and cases from in-depth interviews.

Read more: Faces of Vulnerability: Gender, Climate Change, and Disaster

Knowledge Showcases

Climate Change Vulnerability Mapping of Selected Municipalities in Laguna, Philippines
by Vicente G. Ballaran, Jr., Maria Emilinda T. Mendoza, Jaimie Kim Bayani-Arias, Rowena A. Dorado, Bessie M. Burgos

Climate change is the most recent crisis of global impact, and can be most detrimental to developing countries. Southeast Asia, in particular, has been noted as one of the regions most vulnerable to climate change. The objectives of the study were to measure the vulnerability of communities to climate change and to produce maps of each community’s relative vulnerability with respect to the commune and the agricultural sector. Three vulnerability determinants—exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity—and their respective indicators were determined. Exposure refers to damage potential while sensitivity is determined by the interaction of environmental and social forces. Finally, adaptive capacity is shaped by various social, cultural, political and economic forces. The overall index of climate change vulnerability was calculated using a compromise among the three identified indices and ranked to identify the most vulnerable communes. Using GIS software, overall vulnerability maps were produced. Results showed that mostly lowland and coastal areas are greatly affected in all the vulnerability determinants.

Read more: Climate Change Vulnerability Mapping of Selected Municipalities in Laguna, Philippines

Knowledge Showcases