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Adaptation Notes

Adaptation Notes

The Agriculture and Development Notes – Climate Change Adaptation (ADN-CCA) Series showcases climate change related efforts and mechanisms in Southeast Asian countries in agriculture and rural development.

ADN_CCA_Vol1_No3Agriculture and Development Notes on Climate Change Adaptation
Vol 1. No. 3 | By Bun Chan Meta | 2011

Chambok is a community in Kampong Speu province, Cambodia. It lies on the border of Kirirom National Park, where the eastern slope of Cardamom Mountain can be found.

Commonly, villagers earn money by home gardening and animal raising. However, some parts of its land are being used in mining, leaving less arable area for people to grow crops. Because of this, villagers resort to logging and destroying the forests for timber and non-timber products, which they sell for a living.  

Ninety-four percent (94%) of the people in the community illegally log trees, hunt wildlife, and burn wood for charcoal. All these activities affect biodiversity and natural resources. Furthermore, it affects the people’s livelihood since they rely on forest products to earn money. It also makes the village vulnerable to drought. Sixty-six percent (66%) of the people in Chambok does not have other sources of income. They have become poorer because of the lack of arable lands, land use change, erosion, use of chemical pesticides, and drought. Thus, some of them migrate to other places for work.  

Read more: Community-Based Ecotourism: Livelihood cum Adaptation Strategy for Kampong Speu Province, Cambodia

Knowledge Showcases

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Agriculture and Development Notes on Climate Change Adaptation
Vol 1. No. 2 | By Le Thi Hanh | 2011

Responding to climate change is currently a high priority on the political program of Vietnam.

With a coastline of more than 127 km long, the province of Thua Thien Hue in Central Vietnam is expected to be affected by rising sea levels. This region experiences natural disasters which are projected to occur with increasing frequency and intensity.

Every two to three years, Hue and its adjacent areas suffer from big floods. Although building an embankment system around the city and the historical sites has been proposed, this is not an option as this does not preserve the landscape of Hue City and its coastal tourist areas.

Read more: Mangroves for Climate Change Adaptation: The Case of Thua Thien Hue, Vietnam

Knowledge Showcases

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Agriculture and Development Notes on Climate Change Adaptation
Vol 1. No. 1 | By Am Phirum | 2011

Agriculture is central to Cambodia’s socio-economic development, contributing nearly 33 percent to the country’s GDP. Eighty-five percent of the population lives in rural areas and agriculture is the primary source of livelihood for the rural poor.  

This sector has become stable and less dependent on natural changes because of the advances in irrigation scheme and application of agricultural technologies. 

Cambodia has been successful with rice production during the last decade, producing 7.58 million tons in 2009, of which the country has another surplus of about 3.5 million tons for export. Cambodia’s rice cultivated area could be expanded up to 3.5 million hectares from 2.6 million hectares. This could help the country reach a potential harvest of 12.25 million tons of rice.  

The vision of the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) is to transform the country into a rice basket making it a major rice exporting country in the global market. In this regard, the RGC has set the year 2015 as the target to achieve paddy surplus of more than 4 million tons and achieve rice export of at least 1 million ton. 

Read more: Improving Rice Crop Production in a Changing Climate

Knowledge Showcases

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