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Adaptation Notes

Adaptation Notes

The Agriculture and Development Notes – Climate Change Adaptation (ADN-CCA) Series showcases climate change related efforts and mechanisms in Southeast Asian countries in agriculture and rural development.

adn-cca-vol2-3Agriculture and Development Notes on Climate Change Adaptation
Vol. 2 No. 3 | By Ron P. Crisostomo1 and Fr. Francis Lucas | 2012

One of the oldest towns in Quezon, Philippines is Infanta—a first class municipality3 serving as home to a population of more than 60,000.  Infanta is located on the eastern coast of the northern island of the Philippines. It directly faces the Pacific Ocean and the Sierra Madre mountain range, which makes it a site vulnerable to hydro-meteorological disasters and sea level rise.  For their livelihood, residents of Infanta rely on its agricultural, fisheries, trade, and services sector.  

On 29 November 2004, tropical depression “Winnie” hit Infanta and its neighboring towns, General Nakar and Real, with an abnormally heavy rainfall.  Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) - Infanta Weather Station measured a rainfall amount of approximately 372 mm in less than 24 hours.  The said heavy rainfall, which was statistically equivalent to 18 days worth of rain in a typically rainy November month, caused massive landslides in the upstream area of the Agos River and eventually, flashfloods that inundated the whole municipality.  The disaster left 165 people dead, 11 injured, and more than 4, 000 houses damaged. Public infrastructures and utilities worth PHP 300 M were also ruined. In addition to this, the agricultural sector of Infanta was greatly affected. Damages to crops, livestock, and fisheries amounted to PHP 103.3 M.

Read more: Gearing up towards Community-based Climate Change Program

Knowledge Showcases

ADN_CCA_Vol_1_No_4Agriculture and Development Notes on Climate Change Adaptation
Vol 1. No. 4 | By Rogelio N. Concepcion, Maria Victoria O. Espaldon, Sylvie Lewicki-Dhainaut, Ranell Martin M. Dedicatoria, and Edwin R. Abucay | 2011

The Philippines has recently been experiencing the adverse effects of climate change, and its most common manifestation is the increasing frequency of extreme events like El Nino, La Nina, and strong typhoons.

In 2009, the country greatly suffered when it was successively hit by super typhoons Ondoy (Ketsana), Pepeng (Parma), and Quedan (Melor).

According to the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA), the country’s climate monitoring body, an average of 20 typhoons enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) annually, of which, about nine to ten have combined strong winds and rainfall which can disrupt agricultural production and cause damage to infrastructure.

Read more: Coping with Extreme Climatic Events: Stories of Resiliency in the Philippines

Knowledge Showcases

ADN_CCA_Vol1_No3Agriculture and Development Notes on Climate Change Adaptation
Vol 1. No. 3 | By Bun Chan Meta | 2011

Chambok is a community in Kampong Speu province, Cambodia. It lies on the border of Kirirom National Park, where the eastern slope of Cardamom Mountain can be found.

Commonly, villagers earn money by home gardening and animal raising. However, some parts of its land are being used in mining, leaving less arable area for people to grow crops. Because of this, villagers resort to logging and destroying the forests for timber and non-timber products, which they sell for a living.  

Ninety-four percent (94%) of the people in the community illegally log trees, hunt wildlife, and burn wood for charcoal. All these activities affect biodiversity and natural resources. Furthermore, it affects the people’s livelihood since they rely on forest products to earn money. It also makes the village vulnerable to drought. Sixty-six percent (66%) of the people in Chambok does not have other sources of income. They have become poorer because of the lack of arable lands, land use change, erosion, use of chemical pesticides, and drought. Thus, some of them migrate to other places for work.  

Read more: Community-Based Ecotourism: Livelihood cum Adaptation Strategy for Kampong Speu Province, Cambodia

Knowledge Showcases

ADN_CCA_Vol1_No2

Agriculture and Development Notes on Climate Change Adaptation
Vol 1. No. 2 | By Le Thi Hanh | 2011

Responding to climate change is currently a high priority on the political program of Vietnam.

With a coastline of more than 127 km long, the province of Thua Thien Hue in Central Vietnam is expected to be affected by rising sea levels. This region experiences natural disasters which are projected to occur with increasing frequency and intensity.

Every two to three years, Hue and its adjacent areas suffer from big floods. Although building an embankment system around the city and the historical sites has been proposed, this is not an option as this does not preserve the landscape of Hue City and its coastal tourist areas.

Read more: Mangroves for Climate Change Adaptation: The Case of Thua Thien Hue, Vietnam

Knowledge Showcases

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