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Adaptation Notes

Adaptation Notes

The Agriculture and Development Notes – Climate Change Adaptation (ADN-CCA) Series showcases climate change related efforts and mechanisms in Southeast Asian countries in agriculture and rural development.

Agriculture and Development Notes on Climate Change Adaptation
Vol 2. No. 4 | By David Manalo | 2013

Flooding is a prevalent problem in the Philippines, especially now that there are heavier rains due to climate change. Experience has shown that being prepared for a disaster can minimize casualty and damage. However, for people living in remote areas, preparedness could be a problem, as they do not usually have access to radio, TV, mobile phones, and other media that can immediately warn of possible floods and landslides. As such, an effective early warning system needs to be designed specifically for far, remote areas.

The Bell and Bottle Early Warning System (EWS) project aims to address this need. With funding from the World Bank, the University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB) in cooperation with the Center for Initiative and Research on Climate Change Adaptation (CIRCA) is implementing this project in 15 to 20 villages in Albay province, a mountainous area in the Philippines with many remote communities. The project seeks to establish a low-cost, fast, effective, and community-based early warning system designed for remote communities that are prone to floods and landslides.

Read more: Bell and Bottle Technology: Community-based Early Warning System

Knowledge Showcases

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Agriculture and Development Notes on Climate Change Adaptation
Vol 1. No. 5 | By Felino P. Lansigan, Gernot Laganda, Reiner Wassman, and Anan Polthanee | 2012

Climate change is a global problem that affects all areas of human life. Both natural processes, like volcanic eruptions, and anthropogenic activities, such as population increase and industrialization, cause climate change. Furthermore, climate change has impacts on agriculture, forestry, public health, and other systems, and these effects vary across different places in the world.  

Adaptation and mitigation measures are necessary to reduce the risks brought about by climate change. While adaptation considers future risks and seeks to prepare the society and the other systems to the impacts of climate change, mitigation aims to keep climate change below the dangerous level.  

Read more: A Systems Approach to Reducing Risks in Rice Production in Southeast Asia

Knowledge Showcases

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Agriculture and Development Notes on Climate Change Adaptation
Vol 1. No. 6 | By Mozaharul Alam, Louis Lebel, Lucille Elna de Guzman, and Oscar Zamora | 2012

Southeast Asia relies heavily on its agricultural capacity, species diversity, and natural resources. However, with the whole region experiencing the impacts of climate change, the need to identify strategic roles for climate change adaptation and mitigation in Southeast Asia rises. Therefore, initiatives, policies, and new technologies are needed to help different countries in the region manage the effects of climate change. The challenge is in contextualizing and localizing international policies in designing and implementing projects on climate change adaptation and mitigation. Small communities should realize the need to contextualize such initiatives to fit their own needs and capacities.  

Read more: Community-based Adaptation to Climate Change in Southeast Asia

Knowledge Showcases

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Agriculture and Development Notes on Climate Change Adaptation
Vol 2. No. 1 | By Joey Sarte Salceda1 | 2012

Albay, Philippines is a province located along the eastern coast of the country, facing the Philippine Sea and the Pacific Ocean. With a land area of 2, 552 square kilometres, it is considered the second largest in the Bicol Region.  

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Aside from being the second largest province in the region, Albay is also known as the “Vatican of Disasters” of the Philippines. Various natural phenomena such as typhoons, landslides, volcanic eruptions, and tsunamis have plagued the area. As a result, the people of Albay have been vulnerable to persistent poverty, low economic income, and climatic and geological hazards.  

Read more: Adapting to Climate Change: Strategies of Albay, Philippines

Knowledge Showcases

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