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Examining the role of governance and vulnerability to climate change in green growth using a global panel data set, findings suggest promoting good governance and reducing climate change vulnerability can contribute to a cleaner environment.

We find that governance has a positive effect on environmental performance and vulnerability to climate change has a negative effect. Promoting good governance and reducing climate change vulnerability can thus contribute to a cleaner environment. We find qualitatively similar results for the subsample of high-income countries, but governance has an insignificant effect for the subsamples of upper-middle-income, lower-middle-income, and low-income countries. High-income countries have strong environmental policies to protect the environment whereas other countries need to strengthen their relatively weak environmental policies.

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Source: Asian Development Bank

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Growing interest in the concept of urban climate change resilience (UCCR) recognizes the complexity of rapid urbanization and uncertainties associated with climate change.

This working paper synthesizes existing knowledge on urban climate change resilience to identify seven entry points for actions. It is expected that the proposed entry points will benefit ADB’s developing member countries, development partners, staffs and projects under the Urban Climate Change Resilience Trust Fund to take actions for strengthening urban resilience.

  • Generating, sharing, and regularly updating data, information, and knowledge on how urban growth interacts or will interact with potential impacts of climate change is a first step for enhancing a city's ability to strengthen UCCR.
  • Forward-looking urban planning tools, such as land use planning and development planning that allow adopting integrated, inclusive, and reflective approaches, provide a comprehensive and sustainable route to enhancing UCCR.
  • Development processes associated with urban infrastructure and services, including water and sanitation, energy, transport and telecommunications, ecosystems, built environment, and health and social services, can strengthen UCCR.
  • Individuals and institutions within city governments often know the city intimately, and building their capacity is critical for bringing UCCR to life.
  • Community development processes that allow capturing diverse perspectives of communities, especially the perspectives of the most vulnerable, are essential for enhancing UCCR.
  • There are huge needs for and potential gains from involving the private sector in enhancing UCCR.
  • Catalyzing finance is key to the success of UCCR and includes finances available from different scales of governance.

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Source: Asian Development Bank 

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BACKGROUND
The Philippines is an archipelagic country where agriculture plays a vital role in providing around 30 percent of employment and 10 percent of the country’s total gross domestic product in 2013. Recent natural disasters significantly affected crops and livestock resulted to severe loss in agricultural production including human lives. Climate change worsens the economic situation and food security among others of the Philippine people. Hence, there is a critical and urgent need to develop climate -smart technologies available and accessible to the farmers through creation of an enabling institutional environment.

PROJECT INFORMATION
The National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) is responsible for advising the Philippine President on national development planning, including recommending the level of the annual government expenditure as stipulated in the 2011-2016 Philippine Development Plan and Public Investment Program. In NEDA, the Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment Staff (ANRES) provides technical support in coordinating the formulation of national plans and policies for agriculture, natural resources and agrarian re-form sectors. The NEDA-ANRES has expressed strong interest to develop and apply new methods to evaluate current policies and formulate future policies, particularly for the agriculture sector.

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Source: National Economic and Development Authority

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