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Knowledge Resources

Knowledge Resources

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Green infrastructure can play a significant role in offsetting losses from climate-related disasters and contribute to building resilience through rehabilitation and expansion of natural ecosystems within built areas.

Urban populations are projected to increase from 54% to 66% of the global population by 2050, with close to 90% of the increase concentrated in Asia and Africa. Cities and towns—a growing source of greenhouse gas emissions—will need to address challenges posed by climate change. A nature-based approach in identifying climate change vulnerabilities and developing relevant adaptation options was conducted in three towns of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS).

Working with local governments, nongovernment organizations, women’s groups, and professional associations, town-wide adaptation measures were defined by overlaying climate change projections on town plans and zoning schemes for strategic infrastructure. This publication captures valuable experience and lessons from the project.

 

About the publication

The publication highlights the results of a successful partnership between ADB and the International Centre for Environmental Management (ICEM) with cofinancing from the Nordic Development Fund (NDF). This was implemented through a technical assistance on climate resilience in cities in the GMS. ICEM’s demonstrated and widely tested expertise in climate adaptation and mitigation methodology provided the technical basis for the study. Cofinancing from the NDF provided the impetus for capacity building and knowledge sharing of international good practices.

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Knowledge Resources

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  • Guidelines for policy makers and proposal developers provide pragmatic advice in designing gender-responsive climate policies and funding proposals.
  • Actively engaging women in climate mitigation activities can yield multiple benefits, including improved jobs, better livelihoods, and more equitable revenue flows. Efforts are moving forward to design climate funding mechanisms to help capture these benefits, but policy makers and other stakeholders need more guidance on designing gender-responsive climate policies and funding proposals. The guidelines in this publication fill this void. It is hoped that these guidelines would equip policy makers with pragmatic advice on how to mainstream gender into climate change mitigation actions and funding proposals. This publication reflects on applications for the guidelines as well as relationships between climate planning and funding proposal.

About the publication

The guidelines in this publication draw heavily on experiences from the ADB regional technical assistance project, Harnessing Climate Change Mitigation Initiatives to Benefit Women. Funded by the Nordic Development Fund, this ADB project aims to assist policy makers in Cambodia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, and Viet Nam with integrating gender into national and/or subnational climate strategies, climate action plans, and climate finance screening processes. 

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Knowledge Resources

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Examining the role of governance and vulnerability to climate change in green growth using a global panel data set, findings suggest promoting good governance and reducing climate change vulnerability can contribute to a cleaner environment.

We find that governance has a positive effect on environmental performance and vulnerability to climate change has a negative effect. Promoting good governance and reducing climate change vulnerability can thus contribute to a cleaner environment. We find qualitatively similar results for the subsample of high-income countries, but governance has an insignificant effect for the subsamples of upper-middle-income, lower-middle-income, and low-income countries. High-income countries have strong environmental policies to protect the environment whereas other countries need to strengthen their relatively weak environmental policies.

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Source: Asian Development Bank

Knowledge Resources

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