Managing Vulnerabilityand Boosting Productivity in Agriculture through Weather Risk Mapping: A Guide for Development Practitioners
Productivity in the agricultural sector is inherently dependent on weather, such as variations in rainfall and temperature. As a result, weather risk events can cause losses in yield and production that translate into economic losses for producers, as well as other sector stakeholders that depend on income from agricultural trade, transport, processing, or export. Extreme temperatures, floods, droughts, hailstorm, and windstorms are just a few examples of weather risk events that cause major economic losses. In developing countries, weather risk is especially signifi cant due to the importance of the agricultural sector in the overall economy and its contribution to household food security. Up to 90 percent of the population in many developing countries relies on agriculture for a living, since the sector is the primary source of income, employment, and food. Absent eff ective risk management strategies, weather shocks to agriculture in these countries have far-reaching eff ects on wellbeing, development, and poverty reduction.
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