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By the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) | December 2009

It is now become clear that, for poor people, climate change adaptation approaches based on local knowledge and strategies are bound to be more successful than top-down initiatives. The articles in this issue on participatory learning and action focus on the recent approaches to adaptation to climate change utilizing the priorities, knowledge and capacities of local people. Community-based adaptation draws on participatory approaches and methods developed in both disaster risk reduction and community development work and sectoral-specific approaches. The issue describes how community-based approaches to climate change have emerged, and the similarities and differences between the relatively new field of CBA and other participatory development and disaster risk reduction approaches. The issue observes that shifts have occurred in the scope and focus of participation with emphasis on sub-national, national and international decision making downplaying local decision-making. The emphasis now leans to policy processes and institutionalization, issues of difference and power, assessing the quality and understanding the impact of participation, rather than promoting participation. Participatory Learning and Action reflects these developments and recognizes the importance of analyzing and overcoming power differentials which work to exclude the marginalised...

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The volume 'The Social and Behavioural Aspects of Climate Change: Linking Vulnerability, Adaptation and Mitigation' was based on the research programme "Vulnerability, Adaptation and Mitigation" (VAM) which ran from 2004 to 2010 and funded by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO).

It presents a cluster of case studies of industries, communities and institutions which each show how vulnerability, adaptation and mitigation analyses can be integrated using social behavioural sciences... 

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Adaptation Options to Reduce the Vulnerability of Mekong Water Resources, Food Security and the Environment to Impacts of Development and Climate Change

By Mohammed Mainuddin, Chu Thai Hoanh, Kittipong Jirayoot, Ashley S. Halls, Mac Kirby, Guillaume Lacombe, and Vithet Srinetr | CSIRO, October 2010

The waters of the Mekong River and its tributaries, flowing through one of the world’s largest river basins, are used mainly for hydropower and irrigation but they also the life-giving waters of the amazing basin ecosystem that provides livelihoods of millions. Thus the river flow regime will be affected by climate change and by hydropower or irrigation developments in the Basin. The Basin Development Plan (BDP) Scenarios take account of development and management of water and related resources such as hydropower generation and irrigation expansion.

Read more: Water for a Healthy Country Flagship Report

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