Knowledge Resources

Knowledge Resources

Climate change

Refers to a change in the state of the climate that can be identified (…) by changes in the mean and/or the variability of its properties, and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity.


a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods (UNFCC).

Climate variability

Refers to variations in the mean state and other statistics of the climate on all temporal and spatial scales beyond that of individual weather events. Variability may be due to natural internal processes within the climate system or to variations in natural or anthropogenic external forcing.

Read more: Glossary of Terms

Knowledge Resources


By the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) | December 2009

It is now become clear that, for poor people, climate change adaptation approaches based on local knowledge and strategies are bound to be more successful than top-down initiatives. The articles in this issue on participatory learning and action focus on the recent approaches to adaptation to climate change utilizing the priorities, knowledge and capacities of local people. Community-based adaptation draws on participatory approaches and methods developed in both disaster risk reduction and community development work and sectoral-specific approaches. The issue describes how community-based approaches to climate change have emerged, and the similarities and differences between the relatively new field of CBA and other participatory development and disaster risk reduction approaches. The issue observes that shifts have occurred in the scope and focus of participation with emphasis on sub-national, national and international decision making downplaying local decision-making. The emphasis now leans to policy processes and institutionalization, issues of difference and power, assessing the quality and understanding the impact of participation, rather than promoting participation. Participatory Learning and Action reflects these developments and recognizes the importance of analyzing and overcoming power differentials which work to exclude the marginalised...

Download pdf here 

Knowledge Resources



The volume 'The Social and Behavioural Aspects of Climate Change: Linking Vulnerability, Adaptation and Mitigation' was based on the research programme "Vulnerability, Adaptation and Mitigation" (VAM) which ran from 2004 to 2010 and funded by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO).

It presents a cluster of case studies of industries, communities and institutions which each show how vulnerability, adaptation and mitigation analyses can be integrated using social behavioural sciences... 

Continue Reading here

Knowledge Resources

KC3 Community Directory