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assessing Climate Risk in Myanmar

Assessing Climate Risk in Myanmar: Technical Report

Myanmar’s climate is projected to shift dramatically in the coming decades, having a lasting and significant impact on Myanmar’s ecosystems and, in turn, on human health, agriculture, food security, infrastructure, local livelihoods and the larger economy. The climate risk information in this report, developed in collaboration with the Department of Meteorology (DMH) and in consultation with other key stakeholders, can aid adaptation and resilience planning across many sectors. This report presents climate risk information including observed climate and future projections of temperature, rainfall, sea level rise and various extreme events, and outlines how this information can be used in decision-making. It also describes how climate change will affect biodiversity and ecosystem services, coastal zones, health, agriculture, infrastructure, water resources and urban areas. Finally, it documents how climate risk information is being used by the Myanmar Climate Change Alliance (MCCA) to support local ecosystem-based adaptation planning in the delta and Dry Zone towns of Labutta and Pakkoku. It should be seen as a contribution to the broader work on climate change and official projections on temperature and precipitation being carried out by DMH and the Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System for Africa and Asia (RIMES) due to be released in the near future.

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By: Voltaire A. Velazco | Isamu Morino | Osamu Uchino | Nicholas M. Deutscher | Beata Bukosa | Dmitry A. Belikov | Yu Oishi | Takashi Y. Nakajima | Ronald C. Macatangay | Takahiro Nakatsuru | Shamil Maksyutov | 
Florian M. Schwandner | David W. T. Griffith


  • The Philippines is located in a region where important atmospheric and carbon cycle processes, that are not well understood, take place.
  • Many countries in Southeast Asia, including the Philippines, are highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
  • This collaboration between Energy Development Corporation (EDC, Philippines), National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES, Japan), and University of Wollongong (UOW, Australia) aims to establish the first TCCON station in Southeast Asia in order to help in satellite validation and atmospheric and carbon cycle studies.


TCCON (Total Carbon Column Observing Network) is dedicated to the precise measurements of greenhouse gases such as CO2 and CH4. TCCON measurements are used extensively for satellite validation, for atmospheric chemistry modeling, and for carbon cycle studies. With the global effort to cap greenhouse gas emissions, TCCON has taken on a vital role in validating past, current, and future satellite missions such as Japan’s Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite (GOSAT & GOSAT-2), National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2 & future OCO-3), and others. However, the lack of reliable validation data for satellite-based greenhouse gas observations in the tropics is a common limitation in global carbon-cycle studies that have a tropical component. The international CO2 modeling community has specified a requirement for expansion of the CO2 observation network within the tropics in order to reduce uncertainties in regional estimates of CO2 sources and sinks. A TCCON site in the tropical western Pacific is a logical next step in obtaining additional knowledge that would greatly contribute to the understanding of the Earth’s atmosphere and the carbon cycle. In this study, we present an assessment of a planned site in the Philippines where a new TCCON station, the first in Southeast Asia, will be installed.

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Source: Oscar M. Lopez Center

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Maureen Ane D. Rosellon


The Philippines enacted two legislations to promote RE deployment: the Renewable Energy Act of 2008 and the Biofuels Act of 2006, in recognition of the advantages of the use of renewable energy (RE) as energy source. However, there remain issues and criticisms on the promotion of RE technologies and on the implementation of the RE laws. Both sides of the debate have their justifications for supporting or not supporting the use of RE resources and technologies. The implementation of the RE laws, rules and regulations has also been receiving criticisms. For this paper, data and information on the areas of debate were collected and examined. Findings provide some reference for revisiting the RE laws and regulations to improve their implementation and produce better outcomes for stakeholders.

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Source: Philippine Institute for Development Studies

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