Climate Change Experts and Practitioners

Areas of Specialization

Vertebrate Ecology, Herpetofauna taxonomy; Marine Biology; Coral Reef Conservation; Coral Reef Protected Areas, Climate Change Mitigation


Siliman University, Philippines


Professor Emeritus
Director, Silliman University-Angelo King Center for Research and Environmental Management (SUAKCREM)
Director, Silliman University-CHED Zonal Research Center 

Educational Background

B. Sc. Biology, Siliman University
M.Sc. Biological Sciences, Stanford University
Ph.D. Biological Sciences, Stanford University

Projects and Publications Relevant to Agriculture and NRM in Southeast Asia

Current Projects

  1. Connectivity of Marine Reserves in the Bohol Sea
  2. Ecology of River Systems
  3. Effects of Climate Change on Fish Larvae, Coral Reefs, Mangroves and How Protection can Decrease their Vulnerability to Ocean Warming, Ocean Acidity, etc.

Important Publications

A. Marine Biology:

Alcala, A.C. 1998. Community-based coastal resource management in the Philippines: a case study.   Ocean & Coastal Management 38: 179-186.

Russ, G.R. and Alcala, A.C. 1999. Management histories of Sumilon and Apo marine reserves, Philippines and their influence on national marine resource policy. Coral Reefs 18:307-319.

Alcala, A.C. 1999. The role of community in environmental management, p.529-537. In: Chua, Thia-Eng and Nancy Bermas (eds.) Challenges and opportunities in managing pollution in the East Asian Seas. MPP-EAS Conference Proceedings 12/PEMSEA Conference Proceedings 1, 567 p.

Alcala, A.C. 2000. Blast fishing in the Philippines, with notes on two destructive fishing methods. Silliman Journal 41(2):26-47.

Alcala, A.C. 2000 Marine reserves in the Philippines: historical development, effects and influence on marine conservation policy. Bookmark. Makati City. 115 pp. Illustrated.

Alcala, A.C. 2001. Science, conservation, and development in the Philippine setting. Silliman University Press. Dumaguete City. 140 pp.

Alcala, A.C. and Russ, G.R. 2002. Status of Philippine coral reef fisheries. Asian Fisheries Science 15: 177-192.

Maypa, A.P., Russ, G.R., Alcala, A.C. and Calumpong, H.P. 2002. Long term trends in yield and catch rates of the coral reef fishery on Apo Island, central Philippines. Marine Freshwater Research 53: 207-213.

Alcala, A.C., Russ, G.R., and Maypa, A.P. 2002. Evidence for fishery enhancement effects of marine reserves in Central Philippines. UPV Journal of Natural Sciences 7 (1&2): 1-5.

Russ, G.R., Alcala, A.C. and Maypa, A.P.. 2003. Spillover from marine reserves: The case of Naso vlamingii at Apo Island, Philippines. Marine Ecology Progress Series 264:15-20.

Russ, G. R. and Alcala, A. C. 2004. Marine reserves: long term protection is required for full recovery of predatory fish populations. Oecologia, 138:622-627.

Alcala, A.C. and Russ, G.R. 2004. Twenty years of stable reef fisheries at Apo Island, Negros Oriental, central Philippines. Proceedings International Marine Ecosystems Management Symposium. DENR, Philippines.

Alcala, A.C. and Cadeliña, A. 2004. Securing protected areas in the face of global change. Lessons learned from the Philippine marine protected areas: Apo-Dauin field learning site. A report by the Ecosystems, Protected Areas, and People Project. World Commission on Protected Areas. IUCN- The World Conservation Union. SUAKCREM, Silliman University, Dumaguete City, Philippines.

Alcala, A.C. 2004. Book Review: In Turbulent Seas: The Status of Philippine Marine Fisheries, by the BFAR-DENR CRM Project, Silliman Journal, 45 (2):251-257.

Alcala, A.C. and Rañola, M.C.G. (eds.). 2005. Report on the status of the marine environment and the coastal resources of southern Palawan, Philippines. Occasional papers of Silliman University-Angelo King Center for Research and Environmental Research (SUAKCREM) 1(1):1-100.

Alcala, A.C., Russ, G.R. Maypa, A.P. and Calumpong, H.P. 2005. A long term, spatially replicated, experimental test of the effect of marine reserves on local fish yields. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62: 98-108.

Russ, G.R., Stockwell, B.L. and Alcala, A.C. 2005. Inferring vs. measuring rates of recovery in no-take marine reserves. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 293:1-12.

Alcala, A.C. Russ, G.R. and Nillos, P. 2006. Collaborative and community-based conservation of coral reefs, with reference to marine reserves in the Philippines. In: Coral reef conservation. Isabelle Cote and John Reynolds (Eds.). United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press . Chapter 13. 588 pp

Alcala, A.C. and Russ, G.R. 2006. No-take marine reserves and reef fisheries management in the Philippines: A new people power revolution. Ambio 35(5):245-254.

Abesamis, Rene A., Alcala, A.C. and Russ, G.R. 2006. How much does the fishery at Apo island benefit from spillover of adult fish from the adjacent marine reserve? Fishery Bulletin 104:360-375.

Abesamis, Rene A., Russ, G.R. and Alcala, A.C. 2006. Gradients of abundance of fish across no-take marine reserve boundaries:evidence from Philippine coral reefs. Aquatic Conservation: Marine Freshwater Ecosystems 16(4):349-371.

White, Alan T., Gomez, E.D., Alcala, A.C. and Russ, G.R. 2007. Evolution and Lessons from Fisheries and Coastal Management in the Philippines. Chap. 5 In: McClanahan, Tim R. and J.C. Castilla (Eds.), Fisheries Management: Progress Toward Sustainability. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. pp. 88-111.

Alcala, Angel C. and Russ, Garry R. 2007. Case Study: Apo and Sumilon Islands, the Philippines. In: Kirsten Grorud-Colvert (Ed.). The Science of Marine Reserves Booklet. PISCO.

Alcala,A.C., Stockwell, B.L., Calumpong, H.P., Inocencio, M., Jadloc, R. and

Cerdania, M. 2007. Survey of coral reefs in southern Guimaras Island (Central Philippines) after the M/T Solar 1 oil spill on August 11, 2006. UPV J Nat. Sci. 12:155-164.

Alcala, A.C., Ingles, J.A. and Bucol, A.A. 2008. Review of the biodiversity of southern Philippine seas. Phil. Scientist 45: 1-61.

Alcala, A.C. (ed.) 2008. Proceedings of the Conference on the Results of the Philippines-Vietnam Joint Oceanographic and Marine Scientific Research Expedition in the South China Sea (JOMSRE SCS I-IV). Dumaguete City: Oceanfriends Foundation. 195 pp.

Stockwell, B., Jadloc, C. R. L., Abesamis, R. A., Alcala, A. C., and Russ, G. R. 2009. Trophic and benthic responses to no-take marine reserve protection in the Philippines. Marine Ecology Progress Series 389:1-15.

Alcala, A. C., Bucol, A. A. and Nillos-Kleiven, P. 2008. Directory of marine reserves in the Visayas, Philippines. Foundation for the Philippine Environment and Silliman University-Angelo King Center for Research and Environmental Management (SUAKCREM). Dumaguete City, Philippines. 178 pp.

Weeks, R., Russ, G. R., Alcala, A. C., and White, A. T. The effectiveness of marine   protected areas in the Philippines for biodiversity conservation. (In press, Conservation Biology).


B. Vertebrate Ecology and Systematics

Brown, W.C. and Alcala, A.C. 1955. Observations on amphibians of the Mount Halcon and Mount Canlaon areas, Philippine Islands, Silliman Journal, 2:93-102.

Alcala, A.C. 1955. Observations on the life history and ecology of Rana erythraea on Negros Island, Philippines. Silliman Journal, 2: 175-192.

Alcala, A.C. 1956. Kaloula picta on Negros Island. Silliman Journal, 3: 144-192.

Brown, W.C. and Alcala, A.C. 1956. A review of the Philippine lizards of the genus Lygosoma (Leiolopisma). Occasional Papers of the Natural History Museum of Stanford University, (3):1-10.

Brown, W.C. and Alcala, A.C. 1961. Populations of amphibians and reptiles in submontane and montane forests of Cuernos de Negros, Philippine Islands. Ecology, 42:628-636.

Alcala, A. C. 1962. Breeding behavior and early development of frogs of Negros, Philippine Islands. Copeia, 1962 (4): 679-726.

Alcala, A.C. and Brown, W.C. 1966, Thermal relations of two tropical lizards on Negros Island, Philippines, Copeia, 1966 (3): 596-604.

Alcala, A.C. 1967. Population biology of the flying lizard Draco volans on Negros Island, Philippines. University of the Philippines Natural and Applied Sciences Bulletin, 20:335-372.

Alcala, A.C. and Sanguila, W. 1969. The birds of small islands off the eastern coast of Panay. Silliman Journal, 16:375-383.

Alcala, A.C. 1969. Some facts and fancies about Philippine snakes. Silliman Journal, 16:257-262.

Gonzales, R.B. and Alcala, A.C. 1969. Rare and threatened Philippine vertebrates. The Philippine Biota, 4:6-13.

Brown, W.C. and Alcala, A.C. 1970. The zoogeography of the herpetofauna of the Philippine Islands, a fringing archipelago. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 38:105-130.Alcala, A.C. 1976. Philippine land vertebrates: field biology (a textbook). Quezon City, New Day Publishers, Quezon City. 175 pp.

Brown, W.C. and Alcala, A.C. 1978. Philippine lizards of the family Gekkonidae. Silliman University Natural Science Monograph Series No. 1, 146 pp.

Brown, W.C. and Alcala, A.C. 1978. Philippine lizards of the family Scincidae. Silliman University Natural Sciences Monograph Series No. 2, 264 pp.Alcala, A.C. and Carumbana, E.E. 1980. Ecological Observations on Birds of Southern Negros, Philippines. Silliman Journal, 27 (4): 197-222.

Alcala, A.C. 1986. A guide to Philippine flora and fauna: amphibians and reptiles. Vol, 10, Natural Resources Management Center and University of the Philippines. Quezon City and Manila. Xiv + 195 pp.

Brown, W.C. and Alcala, A.C. 1986. Comparison of the herpetofaunal species richness of Negros and Cebu Islands, Philippines. Silliman Journal, 33:74-86.Alcala, A.C., Ross, C.A. and Alcala, E.L. 1987. Aspects of reproduction and behavior of the Philippine crocodile (Crocodylus mindorensis Schmidt) in captivity. Silliman Journal, 34:18-28.

Alcala, A.C., Custodio, C.C., Diesmos, A.C. and Gonzales, J.C.T. 1995. List of amphibians of Mt. Makiling, Laguna, Philippines, Sylvatrop 5:65-71.

Alcala, A.C. and Custodio C.C. 1995. Status of endemic Philippine amphibian populations. Sylvatrop 5:72-86.

Alcala, A.C. and Brown, W.C. 1998. Philippine amphibians: an illustrated guide. Bookmark, Manila.   Pp. 113.

Brown, R.M., Diesmos, A.C. and Alcala, A.C. 2001. The state of Philippine herpetology and the challenges for the next decade. Silliman Journal, 42: 18-87.

Alcala, E.L., Alcala, A.C. and Dolino, C. N. 2004 . Amphibians and reptiles in tropical rainforest fragments on Negros Island, the Philippines. Environmental Conservation 31: 254-261.

Alcala, E.L., Paalan R.B., Averia, L.and Alcala, A.C. 2004. Rediscovery of the bare-back fruit bat (Dobsonia chapmani Rabor) on southwestern Negros Island, the Philippines.   Silliman Journal 45 (2):123-136.

Alcala, E.L. and Alcala, A.C. 2005. Aspects of ecology and threats to the habitats of three endemic herpetofaunal species on Negros and the Gigante Islands, Philippines. Silliman Journal 46: 170-194.

Diesmos,A.C., R.M. Brown, A.C. Alcala and R.V. Sison. 2008. Status and   distribution of nonmarine turtles of the Philippines. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 7(2):157-177.

Gaulke, M. and Alcala, A.C. 2009. Notes on the distributional range of the skink     Emoia ruficauda (Reptilia: Scincidae) on Mindanao Island, the Philippines. Salamandra, German Journal of Herpetology 45(1): 57-60.

Siler, C.D., Alcala A.C., Diesmos A.C. and Brown R.M. 2009. A new species of limestone- forest frog, genus Platymantis (Amphibia: Anura: Ceratobatrachidae) from eastern Samar Island, Philippines. Herpetologica 65(1), 2009:92–104


CHED Republica Award 2010 Best Paper, Natural Sciences category for his paper: “No-take marine reserves and reef fisheries management in the Philippines: A new people power revolution” (Awarded May 19, 2010, CHED Auditorium, HEDC Bldg., Quezon City, Philippines)


Tel. No.
Mobile No.
SUAKCREM, 2/F SU Marine Laboratory Bldg., Silliman Beach, Bantayan, 6200 Dumaguete City, Negros Oriental, Philippines
+63 035 422-5698
+63 921 266-4675
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Parent Category: Directory